Int Urogynecol J. 2022 Jan 14. doi: 10.1007/s00192-022-05075-y. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The negative psychological impact on women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is long-lasting, resulting from not only the disease itself, but also the cumbersome and painful treatment process. However, little is known about the postoperative psychological status of these patients and related interventions to improve mental health. Here, in our study, we postulated that mental disorders exist in MRKH patients with a surgical neovagina and that psychological intervention will be helpful.
METHODS: Thirty MRKH women who had undergone vaginoplasty were enrolled. All patients had received psychological interventions since February 2020. Depression and anxiety questionnaires prior to and 2 weeks after the final intervention were recorded.
RESULTS: Before intervention, among 30 MRKH patients after artificial vaginoplasty, the median depression score was 6.00 (25th/75th percentile, 0.00/7.00), and the median anxiety score was 4.00 (25th/75th percentile, 1.00/7.00). After intervention, women’s depression (p < 0.001) and anxiety (p < 0.001) scores significantly decreased. The median depression score was 0.00 (25th/75th percentile, 0.00/3.00), and the median anxiety score was 1.00 (25th/75th percentile, 0.00/3.25). Furthermore, stratified analysis found that the depression (p = 0.029) and anxiety (p = 0.019) scores both improved when intervention was performed within 12 months postoperatively.
CONCLUSIONS: MRKH patients are at a great risk of depression and anxiety problems after artificial vaginoplasty. Early psychological intervention can alleviate these symptoms. Ongoing psychological support was needed to eliminate emotional burden during MRKH treatment, and further study is sorely needed to identify its appropriate timing and method.