Haemophilia. 2023 Jan 25. doi: 10.1111/hae.14749. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: People with haemophilia (PwH) suffer from knee and ankle joint pain, but the association with structural damage remains underexplored. They report activity limitations but it is unclear which factors contribute to lower limb activity limitations (LL-AL).

AIMS: This study aimed (i) to analyse the association between ankle joint pain and structure and (ii) explore the contribution of haemophilia-related, individual and psychological factors to LL-AL in PwH.

METHODS: This study included 104 moderate/severe PwH. Ankle pain intensity was assessed with a numeric rating scale and pain sensitivity with algometry (pressure pain threshold (PPTA )). Ankle structure was assessed with MRI (IPSG-MRI) and ultrasound (HEAD-US), joint health with the Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS). The HAL-LOWCOM subscore evaluated LL-AL. A Spearman correlation analysed the correlation between ankle pain and structure. The contribution of haemophilia-related factors (joint health, overall pain (Brief Pain Inventory-Pain Severity (BPI-PS)), functional status (2-Minute-Walking-Distance, Timed Up and Go); individual factors (age, BMI) and psychological factors (fear and avoidance beliefs over physical activity (FABQ-PA) and work (FABQ-Work), anxiety and depression) to LL-AL was explored using a regression analysis.

RESULTS: Only low correlations were found between ankle pain intensity and structure (IPSG-MRI, HEAD-US). PPTA was unrelated to structure. Altogether, HJHS, overall pain (BPI-PS), FABQ-Work and age explained 69% of HAL-LOWCOM variance, with 65% explained by the combination of HJHS and BPI-PS.

CONCLUSION: No meaningful associations were found between ankle pain and structural damage, suggesting that other factors may contribute to PwH’s ankle pain. In contrast, mainly haemophilia-related factors explained LL-AL variance.

PMID:36696283 | DOI:10.1111/hae.14749

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