Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Wiki Number: W016
Diagnosis: ADHD-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
World Patients: 51Mil
Sex Ratio: B2;G1
Age Onset: Age5-12
Brain Area: left prefrontal cortex, posterial parietal cortex;, accumbens, amygdala, hippocampus smaller
Symptoms: Hard to pay attention or control behavior; impulsive. Higher creativity
Progression: 9 points lower IQ scores; higher in dynamic energy and adventurousness, 40% in adults
Causes: 75% genetic; dopamine less-well regulated in boys; norepinephrine less well-regulated in girls; adult ADHD-neither
Medications: amphetamines to keep students quiet in schools for boys; stimulants increase blood flow, perk up the girls
Therapies: behavioral therapies, parent training
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Clarifying Relations Between ADHD and Functional Impairment in Adulthood: Utilization of Network and Machine Learning Approachesby Patrick K Goh on October 16, 2021
Using network analysis and random forest regression, this study identified attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms most important for indicating impairment in various functional domains. Participants comprised a nationally representative sample of 1249 adults in the United States. Bridge symptoms were identified as those demonstrating unique relations with impairment domains that, in total, were stronger than those involving other symptoms. Results suggested three inattentive...
- Oculomotor deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A systematic review and comprehensive meta-analysisby Dalia N Maron on October 16, 2021
Atypical motor coordination and cognitive processes, such as response inhibition and working memory, have been extensively researched in individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Oculomotor neural circuits overlap extensively with regions involved in motor planning and cognition, therefore studies of oculomotor function may offer unique insights into motor and cognitive control in ADHD. We performed a series of pairwise meta-analyses based on data from 26 oculomotor...
- Race bias and gender bias in the diagnosis of psychological disordersby Howard N Garb on October 16, 2021
Bias is said to occur when validity is better for one group than another (e.g., when diagnoses are more valid for male or female clients). This article provides (a) a methodological critique of studies on race bias and gender bias in diagnosis and (b) a narrative review of results from studies with good internal validity. The results suggest that race bias occurs for the diagnosis of conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, comorbid substance abuse and mood disorders, eating disorders,...
- Association between central nervous system stimulants used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Raynaud's phenomenon: A scoping reviewby Hafiz M Umair on October 16, 2021
The association between central nervous (CNS) stimulants used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) has received little attention to date. Our aim was to map the existing literature on aetiopathogenesis, clinical presentation and management of peripheral vasculopathy, with a focus on RP, secondary to drug therapy for ADHD. We searched the PubMed® database (01/11/1951 to 01/08/2020) and included articles written in English, which focussed on CNS...