Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.
ADHD often begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships, and difficulty at school or work.
Symptoms include limited attention and hyperactivity.
Treatments include medication and talk therapy.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W016
Diagnosis: ADHD-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
US Patients:
World Patients: 51Mil
Sex Ratio: B2;G1
Age Onset: Age5-12
Brain Area: left prefrontal cortex, posterial parietal cortex;, accumbens, amygdala, hippocampus smaller
Symptoms: Hard to pay attention or control behavior; impulsive. Higher creativity
Progression: 9 points lower IQ scores; higher in dynamic energy and adventurousness, 40% in adults
Causes: 75% genetic; dopamine less-well regulated in boys; norepinephrine less well-regulated in girls; adult ADHD-neither
Medications: amphetamines to keep students quiet in schools for boys; stimulants increase blood flow, perk up the girls
Therapies: behavioral therapies, parent training


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