Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Wiki Number: W016
Diagnosis: ADHD-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
World Patients: 51Mil
Sex Ratio: B2;G1
Age Onset: Age5-12
Brain Area: left prefrontal cortex, posterial parietal cortex;, accumbens, amygdala, hippocampus smaller
Symptoms: Hard to pay attention or control behavior; impulsive. Higher creativity
Progression: 9 points lower IQ scores; higher in dynamic energy and adventurousness, 40% in adults
Causes: 75% genetic; dopamine less-well regulated in boys; norepinephrine less well-regulated in girls; adult ADHD-neither
Medications: amphetamines to keep students quiet in schools for boys; stimulants increase blood flow, perk up the girls
Therapies: behavioral therapies, parent training
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Decision rules for an abbreviated administration of the Test of Memory Malingeringby Lee Ashendorf on January 24, 2022
The present study investigated abbreviation methods for the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) in relation to traditional manual-based test cutoffs and independently derived more stringent cutoffs suggested by recent research (≤48 on Trial 2 or 3). Consecutively referred outpatient U.S. military veterans (n = 260) were seen for neuropsychological evaluation for mild traumatic brain injury or possible attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Performance on TOMM Trial 1 was evaluated, including...
- Multisource Network and Latent Variable Models of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo, ADHD-Inattentive, and Depressive Symptoms with Spanish Children: Equivalent Findings and Recommendationsby G Leonard Burns on January 24, 2022
Multisource network and latent variable models were used to examine the construct validity of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms relative to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder-inattentive (ADHD-IN) and depressive symptoms. The five objectives were to determine the (1) distinctiveness of SCT, ADHD-IN, and depressive symptom communities, (2) similarity of the three symptom communities across mother, father, and teacher ratings, (3) individual symptoms with the strongest influence on...
- Is neurofeedback effective in children with ADHD? A systematic review and meta-analysisby Ebrahim Rahmani on January 24, 2022
To evaluate the evidences related to the effectiveness of neurofeedback treatment for children and adolescent with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) based on the most-proximal raters. A systematic review of randomized control trials (RCTs) was carried out across multiple databases. the primary outcome measure was the most proximal ratings of ADHD symptoms in subjects. Conner's Parent Rating Scale (CPRS), Conner's Teacher Rating Scale (CTRS), and ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS- are...
- Economic burden of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among children and adolescents in the United States: a societal perspectiveby Jeff Schein on January 24, 2022
CONCLUSION: ADHD in children and adolescents is associated with a substantial economic burden that is largely driven by education costs, followed by direct healthcare costs and caregiver costs. Improved intervention strategies and policies may reduce the clinical and economic burden of ADHD in these populations.