Stimulant Intoxication

Resources for Patients and Caregivers

While the symptoms of overdose vary depending on the particular stimulant involved and the length and extent of use, the following are common symptoms of stimulant overdose: Rapid rise in heart rate and blood pressureShallow or labored breathingDelirium or confusion.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: 50-Stimulant Intoxication
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: 
Age Onset: 
Brain Area: 

Resources for Physicians, Counselors and Researchers


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Risk Behaviors Associated with Patterns of Sexualized Stimulant and Alcohol Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men: a Latent Class Analysis
    by Cheríe S Blair on January 14, 2022

    Substance use during sexual encounters (sexualized substance use) is an important driver of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) disparities that are experienced by men who have sex with men (MSM). This analysis aimed to identify patterns of sexualized substance use and their associations with HIV risk behaviors. We utilized visit-level data from a longitudinal cohort of predominantly Black/Latinx MSM, half with HIV and half with substance use in Los Angeles, California. Every 6 months...

  • Patterns of synthetic cathinones use and their impact on depressive symptoms and parafunctional oral behaviors
    by Gniewko Więckiewicz on January 8, 2022

    CONCLUSIONS: Considering easy access to synthetic cathinones, widely spread intoxications and young age of participants of this survey the subject needs to be widely researched. Psychoactive substances can predispose to development of depression and various forms of parafunctional oral behaviors.

  • Substance Use Disorder
    by Azmi R. Jahan on January 1, 2022

    Substance use disorders involve excessive use of nicotine, alcohol, and other illicit substances that leads to social, academic, and occupational impairment. The most common illicit substances seen include cannabis, sedatives, hypnotics, anxiolytics, inhalants, opioids, hallucinogens, and stimulants. The specific factors of substance use disorder consist of abuse, intoxication, and physical/psychological dependence.

  • Oxidative Stress and Cocaine Intoxication as Start Points in the Pathology of Cocaine-Induced Cardiotoxicity
    by Ekaterina Georgieva on December 23, 2021

    Psychomotor stimulants are the most commonly used prohibited substances after cannabis. Globally, their use reaches epidemiological proportions and is one of the most common causes of death in many countries. The use of illicit drugs has negative effects on the cardiovascular system and is one of the causes of serious cardiovascular pathologies, ranging from abnormal heart rhythms to heart attacks and sudden cardiac death. The reactive oxygen species generation, toxic metabolites formation, and...