Specific Phobia

Resources for Patients and Caregivers

Specific phobia is an intense, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. Although adults with phobias may realize that these fears are irrational, even thinking about facing the feared object or situation brings on severe anxiety symptoms.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: 46 Specific Phobia
US Patients: 10% extreme avoidance of someone or something
World Patients: 12% sometime in life
Sex Ratio: M1;W2
Age Onset: Children diagnosed with a specific phobia are likely to have life-long psychological problems.
Brain Area:May have inceased autonomic nervous-muscle tension, sweating or desire to leave the situation.
Symptoms: an anxiety disorder with irrational fear linked to a specific object or situation.
Progression: These affect work, daily routines and relationships. They may show discomfort, fear or panic.
Medications: Some medications are used.
Therapies: cognitive, exposure, flooding, modeling, or systematic desensitization.

Resources for Physicians, Counselors and Researchers


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.