Specific Phobia

Resources for Patients and Caregivers

Specific phobia is an intense, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. Although adults with phobias may realize that these fears are irrational, even thinking about facing the feared object or situation brings on severe anxiety symptoms.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: 46 Specific Phobia
US Patients: 10% extreme avoidance of someone or something
World Patients: 12% sometime in life
Sex Ratio: M1;W2
Age Onset: Children diagnosed with a specific phobia are likely to have life-long psychological problems.
Brain Area:May have inceased autonomic nervous-muscle tension, sweating or desire to leave the situation.
Symptoms: an anxiety disorder with irrational fear linked to a specific object or situation.
Progression: These affect work, daily routines and relationships. They may show discomfort, fear or panic.
Medications: Some medications are used.
Therapies: cognitive, exposure, flooding, modeling, or systematic desensitization.

Youtube Video:

How A Specific Phobia Evolves

Youtube Video:

The 9 Most Common Phobias

Youtube Phobia:

Child Specific Phobia Disorders

Youtube Video: Specific Phobias

Amazon or Library Book: Overcoming Specific Phobia

Click the book to link or order from Amazon.

Resources for Physicians, Counselors and Researchers


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • The Mental Health Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Healthcare Workers in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Scoping Review
    by Thaer Alhroob on January 23, 2023

    Objectives: This scoping review is to investigate the existing literature on the mental health of Healthcare workers, including stress or distress, anxiety, depression, burnout, insomnia, and fear or phobia within the different countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We systematically searched to consolidate studies across EMR countries regarding the mental health morbidity studied, the scales, and the methodology used. The review focused on...

  • A Voxel-Based Morphometric Study of Gray Matter in Specific Phobia
    by Francisco Rivero on January 21, 2023

    The objective of this study was to analyze the neurostructural abnormalities of brain areas responsible for the acquisition and maintenance of fear in small animal phobia by comparing gray matter volume (GMV) in individuals with phobia and non-fearful controls. Structural magnetic resonance imaging was obtained from 62 adults (79% female) assigned to one of two groups: 31 were diagnosed with small animal phobia and 31 were non-fearful controls. To investigate structural alterations, a...

  • Female migraine patients had lower COVID-19 phobia and PCL-5 scores during the lockdown period
    by Çile Aktan on January 19, 2023

    CONCLUSION: Acute stress response to an extraordinary situation such as a pandemic may be more controlled in migraine patients, yet specific phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder have been reported more frequently in patients with migraine under normal living conditions. We interpreted that the life-long headache-associated stress may generate a tendency to resilience and resistance to extraordinary traumatic events in migraine patients.

  • Anxiety-Related Disorders in the Context of Racism
    by M Myriah MacIntyre on January 16, 2023

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The literature on racism and anxiety-related disorders, especially social anxiety, specific phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder, is notably lacking. This report aims to review recent evidence demonstrating the link between racial discrimination and various anxiety-related disorders.