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Sleep-related hypoventilation describes breathing that is too slow or shallow during sleep. The first signs of hypoventilation typically occur during sleep because when we’re awake, our brain can play a more active role5 in regulating our breathing.
Wiki Number: 42-Sleep-Related Hypoventilations
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4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Sleep-related hypoventilation and hypercapnia in multiple system atrophy detected by polysomnography with transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoringby Atsuhiko Sugiyama on January 13, 2022
CONCLUSION: Sleep-related hypoventilation may occur in patients with MSA even with a normal daytime partial pressure of carbon dioxide. This can be noninvasively detected by PSG with PtcCO(2) monitoring. SRBD and sleep-related hypoventilation are common among patients with MSA, and clinicians should take this into consideration while evaluating and treating this population.
- Sleep-disordered breathing in school-aged children with Prader-Willi Syndromeby Jennifer Schaefer on December 6, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep-related hypoventilation is common in school-aged children with PWS. The presence of central sleep apnea, including the quantification of central hypopneas, but not obstructive sleep apnea or clinical factors predicted the presence of hypoventilation. Long-term polysomnography surveillance in children with PWS should include identification of central hypopneas and measurement of continuous pCO(2).
- Acute hypercapnic respiratory failure and its management on the acute medical takeby Anita Saigal on November 2, 2021
Acute hypercapnic respiratory failure accounts for 50 000 hospital admissions each year in the UK. This article discusses the pathophysiology and common causes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure, and provides practical considerations for patient management in acute medical settings. Non-invasive ventilation for persistent acute hypercapnic respiratory failure is widely recognised to improve patient outcomes and reduce mortality. National audits highlight a need to improve patients' overall...
- Respiratory Muscle Function Tests and Diaphragm Ultrasound Predict Nocturnal Hypoventilation in Slowly Progressive Myopathiesby Jens Spiesshoefer on November 1, 2021
Introduction: In slowly progressive myopathies, diaphragm weakness early manifests through sleep-related hypoventilation as reflected by nocturnal hypercapnia. This study investigated whether daytime tests of respiratory muscle function and diaphragm ultrasound predict hypercapnia during sleep. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with genetic myopathies (myotonic dystrophy type 1 and 2, late-onset Pompe disease, facioscapulohumeral dystrophy; 48 ± 11 years) underwent overnight transcutaneous...