Schizotypal Personality Disorder
People with schizotypal personality disorder are loners who prefer to keep their distance from others and are uncomfortable being in relationships. They sometimes exhibit odd speech or behavior, and they have a limited or flat range of emotions. This pattern begins early in adulthood and continues throughout life.
Wiki Number: PW197
Diagnosis: Schizotypal Personality Disorder
US Patients: 3% of general population
Sex Ratio: Higher %s if relatives have schizophrenia
Symptoms: social anxieties; thought disorders, paranoia, feeling detached from self or others, psychosis (reality-unreality) unusual beliefs
Progression: fear realationships with others; some go on to full schizophrenia, social withdrawal
Causes: childhood neglect or abuse, family dysfunction, inappropriate interpretations of social cues,
Medications: traditional neuroleptics, lamotrigine, an anti-convulsant helps with social isolation
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Cumulative sociodemographic disadvantage partially mediates associations between childhood trauma and schizotypyby Emiliana Tonini on November 25, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: These findings in a mixed sample of healthy and clinical participants represent the full spectrum of schizotypy across health and illness and suggest that effects of childhood trauma on schizotypal personality organization may operate via cumulative socioeconomic disadvantage in adulthood.
- Basic self-disturbance trajectories in clinical high risk for psychosis: a one-year follow-up studyby Tor Gunnar Værnes on November 16, 2021
Basic self-disturbance (BSD) has been proposed as a driver of symptom development in schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). In a one-year follow-up of 32 patients (15-30 years) at putative risk for psychosis, we investigated trajectories of BSD levels from baseline to follow-up, and associations between clinical characteristics at baseline and follow-up, including follow-up levels of BSD (assessed with the EASE). Clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis status and symptom severity were assessed...
- Presentation of Caffeine Intoxication in an Active Duty Service Member Originally Believed to Have a Psychotic Disorderby Allison Duncan on November 12, 2021
Caffeine has the highest use of any psychoactive substance worldwide and is highly appealing to military personnel who are required to work the long, grueling hours necessary to complete a mission. However, published reports of caffeine intoxication in the medical literature are rare. Individuals undergoing military training experience long work hours in a stressful environment. These conditions can make various caffeine supplements enticing. However, most energy drinks contain multiple serving...
- The relationship between schizotypy, empathy and mentalization based on the research of the last decadeby Torok Edina on November 9, 2021
Research on schizotypy dates back to the 1960s, and their association with mentalization also dates back at least 15 years. However, unfortunately, the results are mainly contradictory. This review aims to clarify why the results are so different and fi nd a correlation between the tests and the results. Publications for the review were selected from PubMed by searching for the following keywords: "schizotypy + theory of mind, mentalization, empathy". We also used the reference lists of...