Paraphilic Disorders

Resources for Patients and Caregivers

Paraphilic disorders are recurrent, intense, sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors that are distressing or disabling and that involve inanimate objects, children or nonconsenting adults, or suffering or humiliation of oneself or the partner with the potential to cause harm.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: 35-Paraphila (Sex-Related) Disorder
Diagnosis: (previously known as sexual perversion and sexual deviation)
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio:
Age Onset: 
Brain Area: 
Symptoms: “Paraphilia” has 549 variations of unusual sexual interests. They are permanent.
Progression: Wikipedia presents an extensive history of “normalizing” these urges and acts.
Therapies: Currently, they are designed to reduce the patient’s anxieties but eliminate criminal actions.

Resources for Physicians, Counselors and Researchers


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    by Hannah Brock on January 1, 2022

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is often a disabling condition consisting of bothersome intrusive thoughts that elicit a feeling of discomfort. To reduce the anxiety and distress associated with these thoughts, the patient may employ compulsions or rituals. These rituals may be personal and private, or they may involve others to participate; the rituals are to compensate for the ego-dystonic feelings of the obsessional thoughts and can cause a significant decline in function.

  • Compulsive sexual behavior, religiosity, and spirituality: A systematic review
    by Todd L Jennings on December 31, 2021

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, increasing attention has been given to the relationship between compulsive sexual behavior (CSB), religiosity, and spirituality. This review summarizes research examining the relationship CSB has with religiosity and spirituality, clarifying how these constructs inform the assessment and treatment of this syndrome.

  • Animal House: The Dark Tetrad traits and membership in sororities and fraternities
    by Cameron S Kay on December 16, 2021

    Very little is known about the relationship between antagonistic personality traits and membership in Greek-letter organizations (GLOs). The present study (N = 2191) examined the association between the Dark Tetrad traits-Machiavellianism, grandiose narcissism, psychopathy, and everyday sadism-and membership in sororities and fraternities. Participants who were high in grandiose narcissism were more likely to be in sororities and fraternities, whereas participants who were high in...

  • The Dark Side of Humanity Scale: A reconstruction of the Dark Tetrad constructs
    by Louise Katz on December 13, 2021

    There has been an absence of consideration regarding measurement invariance across males and females in the widely available Dark Tetrad (DT) scales which measure psychopathy, Machiavellianism, narcissism and everyday sadism. This has resulted in criticisms of the measures, suggesting that the assessed constructs are not wholly relatable between the groups. This article documents the construction and validation of the Dark Side of Humanity Scale (DSHS), which measures dark personalities from an...