Opioid Use Disorder
Wiki Number: PW144
Diagnosis: Opioid Use Disorder
US Patients: About 27 million in 2016
Sex Ratio: M+;F
Age Onset: Young adults
Brain Area: Opioids reduce dopamine in nucleus accumbens. Neuroimaging affects in the orbitofrontal area-reducing reward-behaviors
Symptoms: strong desire to use oioids, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms & living normal lives; most US heroin users began with prescriptions
Progression: Long term use shows dysregulation of brain circuits for emotion, distress and high impulsivity.
Medications: opioid replacement threrapy uses methadone or buprenophine and naltrexone; heroin withdrawal symptoms from 2 days-2 weeks
Therapies: CBT; Lohr’s “Calming My Pain!” (DVD or Download from this website) helps to retrain the brain to reduce pain without opioids.
Youtube Video:Here’s Why Opioid Addiction Is So Intense
Amazon or Library Book: Decisions In Recovery:
Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder
Click the text to click or buy from Amazon.
(U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Services Administration Help)
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- A pilot study of virtual reality for inpatients with opioid use disorderby Herbert J Greenwald on March 2, 2024
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While inpatient withdrawal management/acute stabilization can improve outcomes for individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD), patients often leave treatment early due to mood, tension, and cravings associated with opioid withdrawal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a novel virtual reality (VR) based intervention; 3D Therapy Thrive (3DTT).
- Community-based substance use treatment programs for reentering justice-involved adults: A scoping reviewby Brian D Graves on March 1, 2024
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this scoping review suggest that the range of evidence-based strategies for substance use treatment targeting the reentry population is growing, but there is a need for additional research that examines implementation, cost effectiveness, and racial/ethnic disparities.
- The development of a recovery coaching training curriculum to facilitate linkage to and increase retention on medications for opioid use disorderby Trevor Moffitt on March 1, 2024
CONCLUSION: Our novel training and MOUD programs met a current unmet need for the RC workforce and for community agencies. We were able to train and deploy RCs successfully in these new programs aimed at saving lives through improving MOUD linkage and retention. This paper addresses a need to enhance the training requirements around MOUD for peer support specialists.
- A Nationwide Survey Study of Recovery Community Centers Supporting People in Recovery From Substance Use Disorderby Bettina B Hoeppner on March 1, 2024
CONCLUSIONS: Recovery community centers are welcoming environments for people who take MOUDs. Closer collaboration between the medical community and community-based peer-led RCCs may lead to significantly improved reach of efforts to end the opioid epidemic.