Motor Disorders

Resources for Patients and Caregivers

Motor disorders are malfunctions of the nervous system that cause involuntary or uncontrollable movements or actions of the body. These disorders can cause lack of intended movement or an excess of involuntary movement.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: 29 Motor Disorders
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World Patients:
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Youtube Video: Functional Movement Disorders: You’re not alone.

Amazon or Library Book: Motor Matters for . . Our Autistic Son

Amazon or Library Book: Understanding Motor Skills  . .

Click the book to link or order from Amazon.

Click the book to link or order from Amazon.

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Resources for Physicians, Counselors and Researchers


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • An Apple a day to keep the Parkinson's disease doctor away?
    by Bastiaan R Bloem on January 28, 2023

    It is challenging to reliably assess the motor features of Parkinson's disease in real-time. This has motivated the search for new digital outcomes that can objectively and remotely measure the severity of parkinsonian motor impairments over an extended period of time. The FDA has recently granted a 510(k) clearance to the Rune Labs Kinematics System, an ambulatory, smartwatch-based monitoring system to remotely track tremor and dyskinesias in persons with Parkinson's disease. The FDA clearance...

  • PRKN/parkin-mediated mitophagy is induced by the probiotics Saccharomyces boulardii and Lactococcus lactis
    by Peter John Hawrysh on January 28, 2023

    Mitochondrial impairment is a hallmark feature of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson disease, and PRKN/parkin-mediated mitophagy serves to remove unhealthy mitochondria from cells. Notably, probiotics are used to alleviate several symptoms of Parkinson disease including impaired locomotion and neurodegeneration in preclinical studies and constipation in clinical trials. There is some evidence to suggest that probiotics can modulate mitochondrial quality control pathways. In this...

  • Gut Microbial Alteration in MPTP Mouse Model of Parkinson Disease is Administration Regimen Dependent
    by Busra Aktas on January 28, 2023

    Parkinson Disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons involved in motor functions. Growing evidence indicates that gut microbiota communicates with the brain known as the gut-brain axis (GBA). Mitochondrial toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) is commonly used in animal studies to investigate the GBA in PD. Various MPTP administration regimens are performed in PD mouse models involving one to multiple...

  • Which gait training intervention can most effectively improve gait ability in patients with cerebral palsy? A systematic review and network meta-analysis
    by Guoping Qian on January 27, 2023

    CONCLUSION: This study suggested that BWSTT was optimal in increasing the gait velocity and RAGT was optimal in optimizing GMFM in persons with CP. Impacted by the limitations of the number and quality of studies, randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes, multiple centers, and high quality should be conducted to validate the above conclusion. Further studies will be required to focus on the total duration of the intervention, duration and frequency of sessions, and intensity that...