Elimination Disorder

Resources for Patients and Caregivers

Elimination disorders all involve the inappropriate elimination of urine or feces and are usually first diagnosed in childhood or adolescence. This group of disorders includes enuresis, the repeated voiding of urine into inappropriate places, and encopresis, the repeated passage of feces into inappropriate places.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: 15 Elimination Disorder
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: 
Age Onset: 
Brain Area: 
Symptoms: Wikipedia claims it does not exist, unless as an eating or thinking disorder.

Youtube Video: The Poo in You

  Constipation and Encopresis Education

Amazon or Library Book: How Do You Know You Need to Go?

Click the book to link or buy from Amazon.

Resources for Physicians, Counselors and Researchers


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • The emergence, implementation, and future growth of pharmacogenomics in psychiatry: a narrative review
    by Chad A Bousman on September 29, 2023

    Psychotropic medication efficacy and tolerability are critical treatment issues faced by individuals with psychiatric disorders and their healthcare providers. For some people, it can take months to years of a trial-and-error process to identify a medication with the ideal efficacy and tolerability profile. Current strategies (e.g. clinical practice guidelines, treatment algorithms) for addressing this issue can be useful at the population level, but often fall short at the individual level....

  • Cardiovascular Consequences of Acute Kidney Injury: Treatment Options
    by Julija G Voicehovska on September 28, 2023

    Soon after haemodialysis was introduced into clinical practice, a high risk of cardiac death was noted in end-stage renal disease. However, only in the last decade has it become clear that any renal injury, acute or chronic, is associated with high overall and cardiovascular lethality. The need for early recognition of kidney damage in cardiovascular pathology to assess risk and develop tactics for patient management contributed to the emergence of the concept of the "cardiorenal syndrome"...

  • Rehabilitation: Neurogenic Bone Loss after Spinal Cord Injury
    by Giovanna E Leone on September 28, 2023

    Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disorder which can severely limit one's ability to complete daily tasks due to the increased risk of bone fractures, reducing quality of life. Spinal cord injury (SCI) can also result in osteoporosis and sarcopenia. Most individuals experience sarcopenia and osteoporosis due to advancing age; however, individuals with SCI experience more rapid and debilitating levels of muscle and bone loss due to neurogenic factors, musculoskeletal disuse, and...

  • Limited Cheese Intake Paradigm Replaces Patterns of Behavioral Disorders in Experimental PTSD: Focus on Resveratrol Supplementation
    by Vadim E Tseilikman on September 28, 2023

    Currently, the efficacy of drug therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD leaves much to be desired, making nutraceutical support a promising avenue for treatment. Recent research has identified the protective effects of resveratrol in PTSD. Here, we tested the behavioral and neurobiological effects of combining cheese consumption with resveratrol supplements in an experimental PTSD model. Using the elevated plus maze test, we observed that cheese intake resulted in a shift from...