A chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled drinking and preoccupation with alcohol.
Alcoholism is the inability to control drinking due to both a physical and emotional dependence on alcohol.
Symptoms include a strong need or urge to use alcohol. Those with alcohol use disorder may have problems controlling their drinking, continue to use alcohol even when it causes problems, or have withdrawal symptoms when they rapidly decrease or stop drinking.
Treatment involves counseling, such as behavioral therapy, and medications that reduce the desire to drink. Some people need medical detoxification to stop drinking safely. Mutual support groups help people stop drinking, manage relapses and cope with necessary lifestyle changes.
Wiki Number: W0004
US Patients: 2016-5.1%
World Patients: 380Million
Sex Ratio: 2M-1F
Symptoms: Overstimulation of GABA receptors
Progression: increasing drinking
Causes: Cirrhosis of the liver, epilesy, cancer; dementia, women more likely
Medications: Acamprosate, naltrexone, opoids,
Therapies: Alcoholics Anonymous and 12-Step programs
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Operational and biochemical aspects of co-digestion (co-AD) from sugarcane vinasse, filter cake, and deacetylation liquorby Maria Paula C Volpi on October 26, 2021
This work performed co-AD from the vinasse and filter cake (from 1G ethanol production) and deacetylation liquor (from the pretreatment of sugarcane straw for 2G ethanol production) in a semi-Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (s-CSTR) aiming to provide optimum operational parameters for continuous CH(4) production. Using filter cake as co-substrate may allow the reactor to operate throughout the year, as it is available in the sugarcane off-season, unlike vinasse. A comparison was made from the...
- Comment on "Estimates of Non-Alcoholic Food-Derived Ethanol and Methanol in Human"by Alan Wayne Jones on October 26, 2021
- Endorsement of specific alcohol use disorder criterion items changes with age in individuals with persistent alcohol use disorders in 2 generations of the San Diego Prospective Studyby Marc A Schuckit on October 26, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that the salience of many DSM AUD criterion items changed significantly with age in both SDPS generations among individuals with persistent AUDs. The current results support the need for additional systematic research to determine whether specific criterion items might need to be weighted differently in evaluating older and younger individuals with persistent AUDs.
- Harmful alcohol consumption in elite sports players in Irelandby Kieran Murray on October 26, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Excess alcohol consumption, alcohol related harms and binge drinking are prevalent in an elite sporting population, particularly during the off-season. Specific strategies are required to reduce alcohol related harms, particularly amongst high-risk groups during the off-season.