Vaginismus is a condition involving a muscle spasm in the pelvic floor muscles. It can make it painful, difficult, or impossible to have sexual intercourse, to undergo a gynecological exam, and to insert a tampon.
Wiki Number: PW223
US Patients: 0.5 of 1% – Outcomes are usually good with treatment.
Age Onset: first vaginal intercourse
Symptoms: involuntary muscle spasms stop penetration into the vagina giving pain with sex, a speculum or a tampon; tensing may be from fear
Progression: Pain results.
Causes: muscle contractions, yeast infections or trauma during childbirth, drying of the vaginal tissues after menopause
Medications: additional lubricants, kegel exercises to strengthen muscles; Botox or lidocaine may help.
Therapies: behavioral therapy with gradual vaginal dilation may help
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Bio-psychosocial factor of vaginismus in Iranian womenby Mojdeh Banaei on October 19, 2021
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed that the variables of fear of sex, positive cognition and negative self-image, sexual intimacy, quality of sexual life and education were the final predictors of vaginismus diagnosis score. This disorder is, thus, considered to be multidimensional.
- Menstrual pain and sexual health in mothers-A cross-sectional study in the Danish National Birth Cohortby Sarah Hjorth on October 14, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: A majority of Danish mothers in mid-life experienced menstrual pain, and these women more often reported reduced sexual desire, vaginismus, and deep dyspareunia. Few women sought and received treatment for menstrual pain. Healthcare practitioners should be aware that menstrual pain can affect parous women and co-occurs with sexual problems. Future studies should identify barriers to seeking and receiving adequate treatment for menstrual pain.
- Determination of Dyadic Adjustment, Marriage and Sexual Satisfaction as Risk Factors for Women with Lifelong Vaginismus: A Case Control Studyby Seyhan Çankaya on September 14, 2021
This study was conducted to assess dyadic adjustment, marriage, and sexual satisfaction as risk factors for women with lifelong vaginismus. This is a case-control study. A total of 142 women were included in the study: 71 women with a diagnosis of lifetime vaginismus constituted the study group and 71 women without a history of vaginismus/painful sexual activity constituted the control group. Data were collected using a questionnaire and the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS), the Marriage...
- Sexual health in parous women with a history of polycystic ovary syndrome: A national cross-sectional study in Denmarkby Ellen A Nohr on September 3, 2021
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that PCOS is linked to long-term impaired sexual health, especially reduced sexual desire and dyspareunia.