Vaginismus is a condition involving a muscle spasm in the pelvic floor muscles. It can make it painful, difficult, or impossible to have sexual intercourse, to undergo a gynecological exam, and to insert a tampon.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW223
Diagnosis: Vaginismus
US Patients: 0.5 of 1% – Outcomes are usually good with treatment.
World Patients:
Sex Ratio:
Age Onset: first vaginal intercourse
Brain Area:
Symptoms: involuntary muscle spasms stop penetration into the vagina giving pain with sex, a speculum or a tampon; tensing may be from fear
Progression: Pain results.
Causes: muscle contractions, yeast infections or trauma during childbirth, drying of the vaginal tissues after menopause
Medications: additional lubricants, kegel exercises to strengthen muscles; Botox or lidocaine may help.
Therapies: behavioral therapy with gradual vaginal dilation may help

Youtube Video: Vaginismus Explained

Amazon or Library Book: Breaking the Cycle of Pain: Vaginismus

Click the book to link or order from Amazon.

Support Group: On Facebook enter a “controlled entry group,” by typing “enter Vaginismus, a Private Place.”¬†

You will be notified of acceptance.


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Pelvic Pain in Transgender People Using Testosterone Therapy
    by Sav Zwickl on January 5, 2023

    Purpose: This descriptive study aimed to assess the characteristics of pelvic pain and explore predictive factors for pelvic pain in transgender (trans) individuals using testosterone therapy. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was open between August 28, 2020, and December 31, 2020, to trans people presumed female at birth, using testosterone for gender affirmation, living in Australia, and >16 years of age. The survey explored characteristics of pelvic pain following initiation of...

  • Pelvic floor dysfunctions in women with fibromyalgia: A cross-sectional study
    by Gabriel Bernardi Dos Santos on January 5, 2023

    CONCLUSION: The prevalence of PFD was significantly higher in women with FM compared to healthy women. Indeed, the women with FM were 2.6-fold to 2.9-fold more likely to report mixed urinary incontinence, anal and flatus incontinence than those in the control group. The present findings show possible impairment of the pelvic floor musculature in women with FM.

  • Alexithymia and Parental Bonding in Women with Genitopelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder
    by Y Ozay Ozdemir on December 30, 2022

    OBJECTIVE: The role of emotion regulation and alexithymia in the pathophysiology of genitopelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD) is emphasized. Parental bonding is linked to emotion regulation and alexithymia. This study aimed to examine the relationships between parental bonding, alexithymia, and GPPPD.

  • The co-effect of sensate focus technique and sexual position changing on sexual function of women who use medical treatment for endometriosis
    by Maryam Tajik on December 21, 2022

    Endometriosis is one of the most common chronic diseases of women. This study aimed to investigate the effect of sensate focus technique and sexual position changing on sexual function of women who used medical treatment for endometriosis. This clinical trial study was performed on 80 women who used medical treatment for endometriosis. Women were randomly assigned to two groups: in the intervention group, 2 h of verbal educational session were held and at the end of the session, an instruction...