Vaginismus is a condition involving a muscle spasm in the pelvic floor muscles. It can make it painful, difficult, or impossible to have sexual intercourse, to undergo a gynecological exam, and to insert a tampon.
Wiki Number: PW223
US Patients: 0.5 of 1% – Outcomes are usually good with treatment.
Age Onset: first vaginal intercourse
Symptoms: involuntary muscle spasms stop penetration into the vagina giving pain with sex, a speculum or a tampon; tensing may be from fear
Progression: Pain results.
Causes: muscle contractions, yeast infections or trauma during childbirth, drying of the vaginal tissues after menopause
Medications: additional lubricants, kegel exercises to strengthen muscles; Botox or lidocaine may help.
Therapies: behavioral therapy with gradual vaginal dilation may help
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Genito Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder (GPPPD) in Spanish Women-Clinical Approach in Primary Health Care: Review and Meta-Analysisby María Berenguer-Soler on May 14, 2022
Sexuality is a component of great relevance in humans. Sexual disorders are a major public health problem representing a high prevalence in the general population. DSM-5 genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD) includes dyspareunia and vaginismus (DSM-IV-TR). To assess the importance of research on these disorders in Spain, we evaluated the Spanish scientific publications of primary and community care. The objective was to quantify the magnitude of the publications of GPPPD in Spanish...
- A scoping review on women's sexual health in the postpartum period: opportunities for research and practice within low-and middle-income countriesby Shannon N Wood on May 8, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the evidence base surrounding women's sexual health in the postpartum period within LMICs remains limited, with most studies focusing solely on the timing of resumption of sex. Integration of sexual health counseling into postnatal care and nonjudgmental service provision can help women navigate these bodily changes and ultimately improve their sexual health.
- The effects of sexual counseling and pelvic floor relaxation on sexual functions in women receiving vaginismus treatment: a randomized controlled studyby Cansu Işık on May 2, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: The sexual counseling based on the IMB model and pelvic relaxation interventions provided to the women who were receiving vaginismus treatment affected their sexual function positively. It may be recommended to conduct comparative studies with a broader sample and different models.
- Quality of life and sexual function after abdominal versus laparoscopic hysterectomy: a prospective studyby Büşra Körpe on April 15, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic hysterectomy was superior to abdominal hysterectomy in improving the quality of life of the patients. Both abdominal and laparoscopic hysterectomies were not found to affect female sexuality.