Truman Syndrome

The Truman Show delusion, informally known as Truman syndrome, is a type of delusion in which the person believes that their lives are staged reality shows, or that they are being watched on cameras.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW221
Diagnosis: Truman Syndrome
US Patients: several hundred cases, many after the “Truman Show” movie
World Patients:
Sex Ratio:
Age Onset:
Brain Area:
Symptoms: delusions, they believe their lives are staged reality shows being watched by cameras; in the past science fiction has people living in
Progression: worlds constructed by others, around one’s personal aspects
Causes: a variation on older delusinons of persecution or grandiosity

Youtube Video: The Truman Show Delusion

Amazon or Library Book:

My Truman Show Delusion – A Walk on the Path

Click the book to link or order from Amazon.


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Chronic high-rate pacing induces heart failure with preserved ejection fraction-like phenotype in Ossabaw swine
    by Johnathan D Tune on October 12, 2022

    The lack of pre-clinical large animal models of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains a growing, yet unmet obstacle to improving understanding of this complex condition. We examined whether chronic cardiometabolic stress in Ossabaw swine, which possess a genetic propensity for obesity and cardiovascular complications, produces an HFpEF-like phenotype. Swine were fed standard chow (lean; n = 13) or an excess calorie, high-fat, high-fructose diet (obese; n = 16) for ~ 18...

  • Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: Lighting Up an Emergency Department Near You
    by Melanie Camcejo on August 29, 2022

    Cannabis legalization may increase the rates of emergency department presentations and hospitalizations from Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS). This syndrome was first described nearly 20 years ago and has become increasingly common. Yet, for a variety of reasons, CHS is still an underrecognized cause of recurrent abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. All physicians must be prepared to diagnose, manage, and counsel patients on this condition, regardless of their state's current or future...

  • Mitochondrial Dysfunction Plays Central Role in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
    by Raghu Ramanathan on July 9, 2022

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global pandemic that affects one-quarter of the world's population. NAFLD includes a spectrum of progressive liver disease from steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, and cirrhosis and can be complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma. It is strongly associated with metabolic syndromes, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, and it has been shown that metabolic dysregulation is central to its pathogenesis. Recently, it has been suggested...

  • Assessing the Role of High-Dose β-Agonists Use in Triggering Takotsubo Syndrome During Asthma Exacerbation
    by Danish Abbasi on May 24, 2022

    A surge in catecholamine levels has been postulated as a potential mechanism causing cardiomyopathy, particularly Takotsubo Syndrome (TTS). Consequently, repeated exposure to β1/β2 agonists could contribute to the development of TTS in patients with asthma during periods of intense exacerbation.Even when no guidelines have been proposed for the identification and management of asthmatic patients who might develop TTS, recurrent asthma exacerbation requiring prolonged use of β1/β2 agonists have...