A chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled drinking and preoccupation Excessive use of psychoactive drugs, such as alcohol, pain medications, or illegal drugs. It can lead to physical, social, or emotional harm.
Wiki Number: PW215
Diagnosis: Substance-Related Disorder
US Patients: 7% of adults; 5% for alcohol; 2% for other drugs; 72,000 deaths from drug overdoses in 2017; 88,000 alcohol&480,000 tobacco deaths
World Patients: 2017-271 million (5.5% of adults) have used illicit drugs and 35 million, have an use disorder; 585,000 drug-deaths
Sex Ratio: Alcohol-only disorder 237 million men and 46 million women; 3 million alcohol-related deaths.
Age Onset: Children have 2X substance use disorders if parents hae them vs. parents without them.
Symptoms: persistent use despite harm and adverse consequences: alcohol, caffeine, pot, phencyclidine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, etc
Progression: can be mild, moderate or severe damage
Medications: detox; FDA has 2 for alcohol and opioid use; none for the cocaine, methamphetamine or other substance use disorders
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Using Decision Trees to Identify Salient Predictors of Cannabis-Related Outcomesby Frank J Schwebel on January 24, 2022
Cannabis use continues to escalate among emerging adults and college attendance may be a risk factor for use. Severe cases of cannabis use can escalate to a cannabis use disorder, which is associated with worse psychosocial functioning. Predictors of cannabis use consequences and cannabis use disorder symptom severity have been identified; however, they typically employ a narrow set of predictors and rely on linear models. Machine learning is well suited for exploratory data analyses of...
- "In their mind, they always felt less than": The role of peers in shifting stigma as a barrier to opioid use disorder treatment retentionby Morgan S Anvari on January 24, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Reducing stigma surrounding SUD and MT is critical for improving MOUD outcomes, and future research may consider how the PRS role can support this effort.
- A qualitative study of service engagement and unmet needs among unstably housed people who inject drugs in Massachusettsby Rashida Hassan on January 24, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the need for well-resourced and integrated or linked service provision for PWID, which includes mental health services, housing, MOUD, harm reduction, and infectious disease prevention and care services. Co-locating and integrating low-barrier services at trusted community locations, such as SSPs, could increase service engagement and improve health outcomes for PWID. Further implementation science research may aid the development of effective strategies for...
- Prevalence and risk factors for opioid related mortality among probation clients in an American cityby Jordan K Boulger on January 24, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Elevated risk for ORM among the probation population justifies urgent and data-driven partnerships between public health and community corrections to train probation staff; to identify high-risk clients for evidence-based treatment and overdose prevention strategies; and to institute policies to support and sustain these activities.