A chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled drinking and preoccupation Excessive use of psychoactive drugs, such as alcohol, pain medications, or illegal drugs. It can lead to physical, social, or emotional harm.
Wiki Number: PW215
Diagnosis: Substance-Related Disorder
US Patients: 7% of adults; 5% for alcohol; 2% for other drugs; 72,000 deaths from drug overdoses in 2017; 88,000 alcohol&480,000 tobacco deaths
World Patients: 2017-271 million (5.5% of adults) have used illicit drugs and 35 million, have an use disorder; 585,000 drug-deaths
Sex Ratio: Alcohol-only disorder 237 million men and 46 million women; 3 million alcohol-related deaths.
Age Onset: Children have 2X substance use disorders if parents hae them vs. parents without them.
Symptoms: persistent use despite harm and adverse consequences: alcohol, caffeine, pot, phencyclidine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, etc
Progression: can be mild, moderate or severe damage
Medications: detox; FDA has 2 for alcohol and opioid use; none for the cocaine, methamphetamine or other substance use disorders
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Do Online Gambling Products Require Traditional Therapy for Gambling Disorder to Change? Evidence from Focus Group Interviews with Mental Health Professionals Treating Online Gamblersby Hibai Lopez-Gonzalez on October 16, 2021
Online gambling has significantly altered the situational and structural characteristics of gambling products, to the extent that online gamblers might be substantially different from traditional offline gamblers. A growing body of literature has identified the evolving features of online gambling and the individuals who engage in it. However, beyond understanding the individual characteristics of this subgroup, relatively less effort has been made to examine whether existing...
- Craving and emotional responses to trauma and cannabis cues in trauma-exposed cannabis users: Influence of PTSD symptom severityby Pablo Romero-Sanchiz on October 16, 2021
Conditioned craving to trauma cues and avoidance learning have both been implicated in the high concurrence of trauma-related distress and substance misuse. Using a cue-exposure paradigm involving personalized trauma, cannabis, and neutral cues, we examined if conditioned craving and/or elevated negative affect to trauma cues are mechanisms linking PTSD and cannabis use disorder. Fifty-one trauma-exposed cannabis users were randomly presented the three cue types. Craving and emotional responses...
- Comparing mortality from covid-19 to mortality due to overdose: A micromort analysisby Yena Lee on October 16, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: The mortality associated with covid-19 is apparent and distributed unevenly across subpopulations. The mortality due to overdose has increased during covid-19 and exceeds mortality due to covid-19. Our results instantiate the triple threat caused by covid-19 (i.e., public health crisis, economic crisis and mental health crisis) and quantitatively highlight the externality of increased mortality due to deaths of despair in response to public health efforts to reduce covid-related...
- Opportunities to Integrate Mobile App-Based Interventions Into Mental Health and Substance Use Disorder Treatment Services in the Wake of COVID-19by Derek D Satre on October 15, 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened concerns about the impact of depression, anxiety, alcohol, and drug use on public health. Mobile apps to address these problems were increasingly popular even before the pandemic, and may help reach people who otherwise have limited treatment access. In this review, we describe pandemic-related substance use and mental health problems, the growing evidence for mobile app efficacy, how health systems can integrate apps into patient care, and future research...