A chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled drinking and preoccupation Excessive use of psychoactive drugs, such as alcohol, pain medications, or illegal drugs. It can lead to physical, social, or emotional harm.
Wiki Number: PW215
Diagnosis: Substance-Related Disorder
US Patients: 7% of adults; 5% for alcohol; 2% for other drugs; 72,000 deaths from drug overdoses in 2017; 88,000 alcohol&480,000 tobacco deaths
World Patients: 2017-271 million (5.5% of adults) have used illicit drugs and 35 million, have an use disorder; 585,000 drug-deaths
Sex Ratio: Alcohol-only disorder 237 million men and 46 million women; 3 million alcohol-related deaths.
Age Onset: Children have 2X substance use disorders if parents hae them vs. parents without them.
Symptoms: persistent use despite harm and adverse consequences: alcohol, caffeine, pot, phencyclidine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, etc
Progression: can be mild, moderate or severe damage
Medications: detox; FDA has 2 for alcohol and opioid use; none for the cocaine, methamphetamine or other substance use disorders
Youtube Video: Substance Use Disorders-Dopamine Pathway
Substance Abuse Disorders
Amazon or Library Book:
Stahl’s Illustrated Substance Use and Impulsive Disorders
Support Group: Samhsa.gov; 800-662-4357
(U.S. Government Helpline)
Contact your local Social Security office for possible Disability Benefits through their Disability Determination Services,
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Immediate release fentanyl in general practices: Mostly off-label prescribingby Yvette M Weesie on January 25, 2023
CONCLUSION: IRFs are not prescribed frequently in Dutch general practices. However, when prescribed, a relatively large portion of patients received an off-label prescription.
- Immunotherapeutic Strategies for Treating Opioid Use Disorder and Overdoseby Rachel Luba on January 25, 2023
INTRODUCTION: Development and implementation of effective treatments for opioid use disorder (OUD) and prevention of overdose are urgent public health needs. Though existing medications for OUD (MOUD) are effective, barriers to initiation and retention in treatment persist. Therefore, development of novel treatments, especially those that may complement existing treatments, is needed.
- Telemedicine Use and Quality of Opioid Use Disorder Treatment in the US During the COVID-19 Pandemicby Ruth Hailu on January 24, 2023
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Results of this study revealed that clinical outcomes were similar among patients who were treated by clinicians with high and low telemedicine use during the COVID-19 pandemic, suggesting that telemedicine is a comparable alternative to in-person OUD care. There was no evidence that telemedicine was associated with increased access to or improved quality of OUD treatment.
- Medical Costs of Substance Use Disorders in the US Employer-Sponsored Insurance Populationby Mengyao Li on January 24, 2023
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: In this economic evaluation of medical expenditures in the ESI population, the per-person and total medical costs of SUDs were substantial. Strategies to support employees and their health insurance dependents to prevent and treat SUDs can be considered in terms of potentially offsetting the existing high medical cost of SUDs. Medical expenditures for SUDs represent the minimum direct cost that employers and health insurers face because not all people with SUDs have a...