Sociopathy-Antisocial Personality Disorder
Wiki Number: PW209
Diagnosis: Sociopathy-Antisocial Personality Disorder
US Patients: 1.8% during a year
Sex Ratio: B3;G
Age Onset: age 10, before or after
Brain Area: high testosterone, low cortisol; lower serotonin, higher impulsiveness; less gray matter. Low prefrontal cortex acts
Symptoms: disregarding or violating others’ rights; exploit others with arrogance but no remorse;charming but impulsive ; con artists
Progression: frequently addicted; high crime rates with premeditated aggression; become dangerous burdens to families; aggressive in prisons
Causes: ADHD, oppositional defiant-disorder (ODD), genetic, birth-family environment, criminal and suicidal
Medications: no FDA approved medications for treatment; antipsychotics, antidepressants, mood stabilizers may reduce symptoms
Therapies: with little remorse, don’t typically cooperate with therapies, unless restrained by others
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Race bias and gender bias in the diagnosis of psychological disordersby Howard N Garb on October 16, 2021
Bias is said to occur when validity is better for one group than another (e.g., when diagnoses are more valid for male or female clients). This article provides (a) a methodological critique of studies on race bias and gender bias in diagnosis and (b) a narrative review of results from studies with good internal validity. The results suggest that race bias occurs for the diagnosis of conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, comorbid substance abuse and mood disorders, eating disorders,...
- DAT1 polymorphism associated with poor decision-making in males with antisocial personality disorder and high psychopathic traitsby Dorsa Rafiei on October 12, 2021
Studies suggest that abnormalities of the dopaminergic system underlie decision-making deficits, a hallmark of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and psychopathy. The dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) is of particular interest due to a polymorphism that controls dopamine transporter (DAT) activity. However, the association between DAT1 genotypes and decision-making in ASPD has never been studied. The current study investigated the effect of DAT1 genotype on decision-making, as measured by the...
- The startle reflex as an indicator of psychopathic personality from childhood to adulthood: A systematic reviewby Sofi Oskarsson on October 10, 2021
The startle reflex has been suggested to operate as a psychophysiological marker of psychopathic personality, based on findings from studies using a range of different methodologies and participant samples. The present review aims at synthesizing existing evidence of the relationship between psychopathy and the startle reflex across task paradigms, psychopathic personality subtypes and subdimensions, participant samples (i.e., incarcerated/ clinical or non-offenders), and age groups using the...
- Changes in the classification of personality disorders: Comparing the DSM-5 Section II personality disorder model to the alternative model for personality disorders using structured clinical interviewsby Laura C Weekers on October 7, 2021
The current study examined the continuity of personality disorder (PD) diagnoses from Section II to Section III (alternative model for personality disorders [AMPD]) when using structured interviews. We investigated the continuity both in terms of stability of prevalence rates and in terms of convergent validity. A clinical sample of 189 participants were concurrently administered both Section II PD and AMPD interviews for diagnosing PD by 2 independent interviewers. Stability of prevalence...