Social Anxiety Disorder
Wiki Number: PW208
Diagnosis: Social Anxiety Disorder
US Patients: 66% were co-morbid with another anxiety disorder, most commonly depression(1.49-3.5X)
Brain Area: amygdala becomes hyperactive, dopamine lower in the striatum, serotonin lower, anterior cingulate cortex-social pain!
Symptoms: fearing negative evaluation from others producing fear, anxiety and distress with impaired ability in social situations
Progression: stammering, rapid speehc, panic attacks, low self-esteem, sleep deprivation. Avoidance of social situations
Causes: 2/3 genetics or observational learning from a relative, socially isolated, insecurem shame, alcohol, core beliefs about self
Medications: SSRIs. Antidepressants, beta-blockers,
Therapies: CBT, Wolpe’s systematic-desensitization
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on treatment-seeking veterans in the united kingdom with preexisting mental health difficulties: A longitudinal studyby Laura Josephine Hendrikx on October 16, 2021
Individuals with preexisting psychological difficulties are at risk of further deterioration of their mental well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. This longitudinal study, conducted during the period between two national lockdowns, aimed to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on veterans in the United Kingdom with preexisting mental health difficulties. Treatment-seeking veterans with preexisting mental health difficulties (N = 95) were surveyed in two waves. Wave 1 was conducted...
- Do media portrayals and social consensus information impact anti-fat attitudes and support for anti-weight discrimination laws and policies?by Suman Ambwani on October 16, 2021
Although weight stigma and discrimination are associated with increased body dissatisfaction and eating disorder risk, reduced opportunities, and poorer well-being, there are few legal protections for such discrimination in the U.S. We addressed one barrier to enacting protective legislation - public attitudes toward anti-weight discrimination laws - by assessing the impact of media representations of fatness and information about peer attitudes. Using a 2 × 2 experimental design, participants...
- Methods of attempted suicide and risk factors in LGBTQ+ youthby Yuanyuan Wang on October 16, 2021
CONCLUSION: LGBTQ+ youth showed a higher prevalence of attempted suicide when compared to their heterosexual peers. Emotional and sexual abuse showed higher rates among LGBTQ+ youth, the cumulative effects of childhood trauma might explain the difficulties in developing healthy coping styles.
- Prevalence and correlates of common mental health problems and recent suicidal thoughts and behaviours among female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenyaby Alicja Beksinska on October 15, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: The high burden of mental health problems indicates a need for accessible services tailored for FSWs alongside structural interventions addressing poverty, harmful alcohol/substance use and violence. Given the high rates of ACEs, early childhood and family interventions should be considered to prevent poor mental health outcomes.