Nonsuicidal self-injury, often simply called self-injury, is the act of deliberately harming your own body, such as cutting or burning yourself. It’s typically not meant as a suicide attempt. Rather, this type of self-injury is a harmful way to cope with emotional pain, intense anger and frustration.
While self-injury may bring a momentary sense of calm and a release of tension, it’s usually followed by guilt and shame and the return of painful emotions. Although life-threatening injuries are usually not intended, with self-injury comes the possibility of more-serious and even fatal self-aggressive actions.
Getting appropriate treatment can help you learn healthier ways to cope.
Wiki Number: WP137
Diagnosis: Self-Harm (Cutting-Self-Mutilation)
World Patients: In 2010, 880,000 deaths world-wide from self-harm
Sex Ratio: B;G5-ages 12-15
Age Onset: 14-24 years old average
Brain Area: Beta endorphins in the brain may reward self-harm after the act
Symptoms: intentional self-injury to bodily tissue, without intent for suicide;
Progression: Chronic pot users may self-harm
Causes: childhood abuse leading to temporary relief from intense feelings, from trauma, emotional or sexual; 30% of autistic children
Therapies: avoidance strategies; Dialectical Behavior Therapy is often used; helping find alternative behaviors under stress
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Adolescents With Non-Suicidal Self-Harm-Who Among Them Has Attempted Suicide?by Sudan Prasad Neupane on May 17, 2022
We aimed to determine differences between adolescents with non-suicidal self-harm with and without a history of suicide attempt (SA). Sixty-eight adolescents with a mean age of 15.6 years (SD = 1.5) attending child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinics for repeated self-harm in Oslo, Norway, were included. A battery of instruments was used to assess sociodemographic information and psychopathology such as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnoses, emotional...
- Sentinel surveillance of substance-related self-harm in Canadian emergency departments, 2011 - 19by Aimée Campeau on May 15, 2022
CONCLUSION: Our study found that hospital admission for substance-related self-harm was highest for patients aged 15-19 years, especially females, and that they were more likely to use medications. The statistically significant increasing trend of cases found between 2011 and 2019 is notable. Patients showed multiple types of adversities, demonstrating the complexity of this issue.
- Neurocognitive functioning in adolescents with non-suicidal self-injuryby Ines Mürner-Lavanchy on May 13, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings challenge the importance of specific neurocognitive measures related to the presence or severity of NSSI in adolescents. Future studies should consider general intelligence as an important confounding factor and should focus on domains of affective cognition. Finally, longitudinal studies are needed to determine whether low neurocognitive performance serves to inform prognosis of NSSI or psychopathology in general.
- Comorbid Eating Disorders in a Sample of Youth With Bipolar Disorder: Elevated Burden of Dimensional and Categorical Psychopathologyby Diana Khoubaeva on May 13, 2022
Objective: There is growing recognition of the importance of comorbid eating disorders (ED) among individuals with bipolar disorder (BD). However, most studies on this topic have focused on adult samples, and little is known regarding comorbid ED among youth with BD.