Nonsuicidal self-injury, often simply called self-injury, is the act of deliberately harming your own body, such as cutting or burning yourself. It’s typically not meant as a suicide attempt. Rather, this type of self-injury is a harmful way to cope with emotional pain, intense anger and frustration.
While self-injury may bring a momentary sense of calm and a release of tension, it’s usually followed by guilt and shame and the return of painful emotions. Although life-threatening injuries are usually not intended, with self-injury comes the possibility of more-serious and even fatal self-aggressive actions.
Getting appropriate treatment can help you learn healthier ways to cope.
Wiki Number: WP137
Diagnosis: Self-Harm (Cutting-Self-Mutilation)
World Patients: In 2010, 880,000 deaths world-wide from self-harm
Sex Ratio: B;G5-ages 12-15
Age Onset: 14-24 years old average
Brain Area: Beta endorphins in the brain may reward self-harm after the act
Symptoms: intentional self-injury to bodily tissue, without intent for suicide;
Progression: Chronic pot users may self-harm
Causes: childhood abuse leading to temporary relief from intense feelings, from trauma, emotional or sexual; 30% of autistic children
Therapies: avoidance strategies; Dialectical Behavior Therapy is often used; helping find alternative behaviors under stress
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- The role of alexithymia as a risk factor for self-harm among adolescents in depression - a systematic reviewby Felícia Bordalo on October 25, 2021
CONCLUSION: These results indicate that alexithymia is a risk factor for non-suicidal self-harm among adolescents with depression, even when other variables were also inspected, and may be a prevention and therapeutic target in the future.
- Self-harm during visits to the emergency department: a qualitative content analysisby Ryan E Lawrence on October 25, 2021
CONCLUSION: Self-harm behaviors in the emergency department encompassed a variety of methods and motivations. These findings suggest risk mitigation strategies that emphasize suicide screening, reducing environmental hazards, and increasing observation are unlikely to achieve the goal of zero harm. Strategies focusing on engagement may create more fruitful opportunities to improve patient safety.
- An online, single-session intervention for adolescent self-injurious thoughts and behaviors: Results from a randomized trialby Mallory L Dobias on October 23, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Project SAVE is an acceptable resource for adolescents engaging in SITBs-with short-term effects on clinically-relevant outcomes. Future research may evaluate SAVE as an easy-to-access, short-term coping resource for youth engaging in SITBs. CLINICAL TRIALS.
- Nonlinear relationship between sleep duration and non-suicidal self-injurious behaviour among Chinese adolescentsby Ying Tang on October 22, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: The findings reveal a nonlinear relationship between sleep duration and NSSI among Chinese adolescents. Therefore, it is necessary to be vigilant and screen for sleep duration among adolescents in NSSI treatment or prevention.