Seasonal Affective Disorder
Wiki Number: PW198
Diagnosis: Seasonal Affective Disorder
US Patients: 1.4% in Florida; 9.9% in Alaska
World Patients: Finland, 9.5%, Ireland, 20%
Brain Area: retinohypothalamic tract, suprachiasmatic nucleus, retina and pineal gland.
Symptoms: depressed in winter with over-sleeping, over-eating and too little energy, depressed thinking, loss of interest in activities
Causes: lack of available natural light
Medications: SSRI’s, Vitamin D, and othrs
Therapies: light therapy, melatonin, ionized air administration and CBT. Due to skin cancer threat, direct sunlight should be avoided. Eat fish.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Seasonality in Major Depressive Disorder: Effect of Sex and Ageby Matthäus Fellinger on October 2, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: The current study indicates a seasonal variation in MDD symptoms that may go beyond seasonal affective disorder. Knowledge about the predictability of depressive symptoms in patients should encourage preventive strategies.
- Body mass index and atypical balance as predictors of winter depression remission in cognitive-behavioral therapy and light therapyby Praise Iyiewuare on September 28, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: BMI and atypical balance prescriptively predicted higher likelihood of depression remission two winters following CBT-SAD but not LT. This work informs clinical decision-making and precision medicine efforts.
- The Timing of Clinical Effects of Bupropion Misuse Via Insufflation Reported to a Regional Poison Centerby Daniel J McCabe on September 20, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: This report describes the clinical effects reported, and the timing of these effects, after insufflation of bupropion.
- Variations in seasonal solar insolation are associated with a history of suicide attempts in bipolar I disorderby Michael Bauer on September 1, 2021
CONCLUSION: A large change in solar insolation, both between winter and summer and between the minimum and maximum monthly values, may increase the risk of suicide attempts in bipolar I disorder. With frequent circadian rhythm dysfunction and suicidal behavior in bipolar disorder, greater understanding of the optimal roles of daylight and electric lighting in circadian entrainment is needed.