Schizotypal Personality Disorder
People with schizotypal personality disorder are loners who prefer to keep their distance from others and are uncomfortable being in relationships. They sometimes exhibit odd speech or behavior, and they have a limited or flat range of emotions. This pattern begins early in adulthood and continues throughout life.
Wiki Number: PW197
Diagnosis: Schizotypal Personality Disorder
US Patients: 3% of general population
Sex Ratio: Higher %s if relatives have schizophrenia
Symptoms: social anxieties; thought disorders, paranoia, feeling detached from self or others, psychosis (reality-unreality) unusual beliefs
Progression: fear realationships with others; some go on to full schizophrenia, social withdrawal
Causes: childhood neglect or abuse, family dysfunction, inappropriate interpretations of social cues,
Medications: traditional neuroleptics, lamotrigine, an anti-convulsant helps with social isolation
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- History of the formation of views on schizotypal disorder in childhoodby A V Goryunov on October 25, 2021
The article reflects the stages of development of views on schizotypal disorder (STD) in adults and children from the prenosological period to the present. It is shown how, after the recognition by the majority of psychiatrists of the concept of early dementia proposed by E. Kraepelin, there is a gradual recognition of the single essence of schizophrenia for childhood and adulthood, but with different, specific clinical manifestations at different age periods. The study of variants of...
- Comparing the Self-Reported Personality Disorder Traits and Childhood Traumatic Experiences Between Patients With Schizophrenia Vs. Major Depressive Disorderby Nan Zhao on October 21, 2021
Introduction: Personality disorder (PD) and childhood traumatic experience (CTE) are well- recognized risk factors for the development of schizophrenia (SZ) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The relationship between CTE and PD is extremely close, and both conditions can affect subsequent psychiatric disorders. Little is known about the differences of these factors in patients with SZ and those with MDD. Materials and Methods: A total of 1,026 outpatients participated in the study, including...
- Neural Indicator of Altered Mismatch Detection Predicts Atypical Cognitive-Perceptual Experiences in Psychotic Psychopathologyby Victor J Pokorny on October 19, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Attentional modulation of early N1, and later P3 neural responses was atypical in patients, but the degree of attentional modulation did not relate to symptom severity or schizotypal traits. Our findings suggest the link between mid-latency mismatch detection and atypical cognitive/perceptual experiences is not driven by attentional deficits alone and point to the promise of mid-latency mismatch detection as a candidate endophenotype and intervention target.
- Replication Studies on Significant Differences in Personality Profiles of Securely and Insecurely Attached Psychotherapists and Dentistsby Burkhard Peter on October 18, 2021
This study contributes to the therapist variable in general and the personality profile of securely and insecurely attached psychotherapists and other healthcare professionals in particular. In a preceding study, it has been found that insecurely attached psychotherapists differ in nine personality styles from securely attached ones. The aim of the present study was to replicate these findings and to investigate whether they also apply to other health professions such as dentists. About 891...