Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.
Wiki Number: PW182
Diagnosis: Reading Disorder
US Patients: 5-17% of the population
Symptoms: Reading disorder breaks down into alexia (acquired dyslexia), developmental dislexia, and hyperlexia (way above average reading)
Progression: Dyslexia includes phonological (difficulty with processing sounds), rapid visual-verbal responding, and spelling.
Causes: Intelligence of dyslexics is normal, not less. Problems can be genetic. Verbal memory may also be slower.
Medications: None listed.//Dyslexia has three cognitive subtypes:auditory, visual and attentive)
Therapies: None listed, but reading specialists and local groups that tutor children, like “Raising Readers.”
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- A president with a passion for farming lifeby James Russell on October 15, 2021
BVA president James Russell tells Josh Loeb about his affinity for farming life, managing to live with dyslexia and the plans for his presidential year.
- Children with developmental dyslexia show elevated parasympathetic nervous system activity at rest and greater cardiac deceleration during an empathy taskby Eleanor R Palser on October 15, 2021
Reading difficulties are the hallmark feature of dyslexia, but less is known about other areas of functioning. Previously, we found children with dyslexia exhibited heightened emotional reactivity, which correlated with better social skills. Whether emotional differences in dyslexia extend to the parasympathetic nervous system-an autonomic branch critical for attention, social engagement, and empathy-is unknown. Here, we measured autonomic nervous system activity in 24 children with dyslexia and...
- An eye-tracking study examining the relationship between males' eating disorder symptomatology, body mass index, and expectations about character behaviour in text male eating disorder symptoms and readingby Christina Ralph-Nearman on October 14, 2021
Eating disorder prevalence is increasing in males, perhaps more rapidly than in females. Theorists have proposed that cognitive biases are important factors underpinning disordered eating, especially those related to food, body, and perfectionism. We investigated these factors in relation to males' eating disorder symptomatology in the general population by using eye-tracking during reading as a novel and implicit measure. 180 males' eye movements were monitored while they read scenarios...
- Prompting visual attention to print versus pictures during shared book reading with digital storybooks for preschoolers with ASD compared to TD peersby Rachelle Wicks on October 12, 2021
Prompting children to look at print and picture content during shared book reading (SBR) facilitates joint attention and early language and literacy learning opportunities for typically developing (TD) children. Whether preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) respond similarly to bids for joint attention during SBR and how autism characteristics impact upon their responsiveness is currently unclear. This is important given these children are at risk of persistent language and literacy...