Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding). Also called reading disability, dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language.
Wiki Number: PW182
Diagnosis: Reading Disorder
US Patients: 5-17% of the population
Symptoms: Reading disorder breaks down into alexia (acquired dyslexia), developmental dislexia, and hyperlexia (way above average reading)
Progression: Dyslexia includes phonological (difficulty with processing sounds), rapid visual-verbal responding, and spelling.
Causes: Intelligence of dyslexics is normal, not less. Problems can be genetic. Verbal memory may also be slower.
Medications: None listed.//Dyslexia has three cognitive subtypes:auditory, visual and attentive)
Therapies: None listed, but reading specialists and local groups that tutor children, like “Raising Readers.”
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Transformer-Based Deep-Learning Algorithm for Discriminating Demyelinating Diseases of the Central Nervous System With Neuroimagingby Chuxin Huang on July 1, 2022
CONCLUSION: The proposed novel transformer-based model showed desirable performance in the differentiation of MS, AQP4+ NMOSD, and MOGAD on brain and spinal cord MRI, which is comparable to that of neuroradiologists. Our model is thus applicable for interpretating conventional MRI in the differential diagnosis of demyelinating diseases with overlapping lesions.
- The Role of Brain Activity in Characterizing Successful Reading Intervention in Children With Dyslexiaby Anthony J Krafnick on June 30, 2022
Studies of reading intervention in dyslexia have shown changes in performance and in brain function. However, there is little consistency in the location of brain regions associated with successful reading gains in children, most likely due to variability/limitations in methodologies (study design, participant criteria, and neuroimaging procedures). Ultimately for the results to be meaningful, the intervention has to be successful, be assessed against a control, use rigorous statistics, and take...
- Probabilistic Decision-Making in Children With Dyslexiaby Christa L Watson Pereira on June 30, 2022
CONCLUSION: Decision-making processes differentiate dD, associate with the caudate, and may impact learning mechanisms. This study suggests the need for further research into domain-general probabilistic decision-making in dD, neurocognitive mechanisms, and targeted interventions in dD.
- The identification and classification of struggling readers based on the simple view of readingby Mike Sleeman on June 29, 2022
The simple view of reading (SVR) predicts that reading difficulties can result from decoding difficulties, language comprehension difficulties, or a combination of these difficulties. However, classification studies have identified a fourth group of children whose reading difficulties are unexplained by the model. This may be due to the type of classification model used. The current research included 209 children in Grades 3-5 (8-10 years of age) from New Zealand. Children were classified using...