Reactive Attachment Disorder
Reactive attachment disorder is a rare but serious condition in which an infant or young child doesn’t establish healthy attachments with parents or caregivers.
Wiki Number: PW181
Diagnosis: Reactive Attachment Disorder
Symptoms: Those unable to initiate or respond to social interactions; lack of self-regulation. Too few children have been studied to generalize.
Progression: Most of the Wikipedia article focused on whether the children met the definition of the disease, little on how to help them.
Causes: lack of neglect or abuse from 6 months to 3 years; failure to thrive;
Therapies: May need to remove the child from that home or orphanage; authorities disagree on appropriate therapies.
Amazon or Library Book: How to Help a Child with Reactive Attachment Disorder
Amazon or Library Book: Answers to RAD: Where do adults go with Reactive Attachment Disorder?
Amazon or Library Book:
Detached – Surviving Reactive Attachment Disorder
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4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Review of the Current Knowledge of Reactive Attachment Disorderby Neha Irfan on December 14, 2022
Reactive attachment disorder (RAD), classified under Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders in the DSM-5 manual, is a childhood psychiatric illness due to familial or social neglect or due to maltreatment. It is characterized by an inhibited and withdrawn social and emotional behavior toward an adult caregiver, typically before the age of 5. Neurobiological changes in patients with RAD have been shown to be substantially significant with features such as loss of grey matter volume and...
- Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) and Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED) Symptomatology in a High-Risk Clinical Sampleby Maria G Kroupina on December 14, 2022
Attachment relationships are broadly considered foundational to child development as such attachment disorders, reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED), pose a severe threat to children's safety and developmental trajectory. This study examined the prevalence of full diagnosis and symptoms of RAD and DSED in a high-risk sample of adopted children (n = 98; mean age: 46.26 months; range: 16.09 months-6.51 years). Consistent with existing literature, a...
- Neural correlates of face familiarity in institutionalised children and links to attachment disordered behaviourby Paula S Oliveira on December 2, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Results replicate previously reported hypoactivation in institutionalised children, in a less-globally deprived setting than past work, indicating that such a pattern is associated with lack of individualised care and increased symptoms of DSED.
- Assessing autism spectrum disorder in children with a background of maltreatment: challenges and guidanceby Simon Wilkinson on November 17, 2022
There may be some similarities in the presentation of children who have autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and those exposed to maltreatment affecting assessment and diagnosis. Overlapping characteristics include difficulties understanding and maintaining relationships, sensitivity to routine and hyper-reactivity to sensory inputs. Children who have been maltreated are at increased risk of various developmental vulnerabilities with both environmental and genetic factors being relevant. The existing...