Reactive Attachment Disorder
Reactive attachment disorder is a rare but serious condition in which an infant or young child doesn’t establish healthy attachments with parents or caregivers.
Wiki Number: PW181
Diagnosis: Reactive Attachment Disorder
Symptoms: Those unable to initiate or respond to social interactions; lack of self-regulation. Too few children have been studied to generalize.
Progression: Most of the Wikipedia article focused on whether the children met the definition of the disease, little on how to help them.
Causes: lack of neglect or abuse from 6 months to 3 years; failure to thrive;
Therapies: May need to remove the child from that home or orphanage; authorities disagree on appropriate therapies.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- The expected and the unexpected in recovery and development after abuse and neglect: The role of early foster carer commitment on young children's symptoms of attachment disorders and mental health problems over timeby Fiona Turner on March 13, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the complex and non-linear development of children in committed foster care, underscoring the need to examine multiple time-points and to consider symptoms of Attachment Disorders separately from those of other mental health problems.
- Reactive Attachment Disorderby Elizabeth E. Ellis on January 1, 2022
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5th Edition (DSM-5) classifies reactive attachment disorder as a trauma- and stressor-related condition of early childhood caused by social neglect or maltreatment. Affected children have difficulty forming emotional attachments to others, show a decreased ability to experience positive emotion, cannot seek or accept physical or emotional closeness, and may react violently when held, cuddled, or comforted. Behaviorally, affected children are unpredictable,...
- Socioemotional profiles of autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and disinhibited and reactive attachment disorders: a symptom comparison and network approachby Barry Coughlan on November 12, 2021
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disinhibited and reactive attachment disorders (RAD/DAD) often experience socioemotional problems. Elucidating a clear picture of these profiles is essential. Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (SDQs) were analysed from cohort of children with ASD (n = 1430), ADHD (n = 1193), and RAD/DAD (n = 39). Kruskal-Wallis Tests and network analytic techniques were used to investigate symptom...
- Changes in Attachment Disorder symptoms in children internationally adopted and in residential careby Maite Román on September 21, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Adoption appears to be an effective intervention that promotes recovery of RAD and DSED symptomatology after early adversity, whereas institutionalization causes negative effects.