Pyromania

Pyromania is an impulse control disorder in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately start fires, in order to relieve some tension or for instant gratification. The term pyromania comes from the Greek word πῦρ (pyr, fire).

 

Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW180
Diagnosis: Pyromania
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: M10;F
Age Onset:
Brain Area: impulse control;
Symptoms: setting fires to relieve own tension, not for vengance or profit, to induce euphoria and enjoy fire houses and fire-fighters
Progression:
Causes: fatherless homes light fires; parental neglect, fire lit as a stress reliever
Medications: Used for adults, resistant to therapy
Therapies: CBT, parental training and correcting assumptions; adults are usually less cooperative with CBT than children or teenagers

4 CURRENT ARTICLES
FROM PUBMED

The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • The effects of heat on the physical and spectral properties of bloodstains at arson scenes
    by Belinda Bastide on July 11, 2021

    This study examines the spectral characteristics of blood after being exposed to intense heat within a structural fire. Fire and intense heat have previously been understood to destroy or chemically change bloodstain evidence so that traditional forensic science recovery techniques are rendered ineffectual. Understanding the effects of the denaturation process and physical changes that occur to blood when exposed to heat may develop innovative forensic investigation methods, including the use of...

  • Impulse Control Disorders
    by Kamron Fariba on January 1, 2021

    Impulsivity is a trait ubiquitous with human nature. What separates humans from life forms of lower sentience is the evolution of neurocircuitry within the prefrontal cortex that allows one to practice self-governance. Self-governance, or self-control, has many monikers. Moffitt, for example, uses the sobriquet conscientiousness to express this notion of self-restraint. Moreover, whatever moniker is assigned, all encompass the foundational notion of effortful self-regulation. Those who can, for...

  • Development of retention time indices for comprehensive multidimensional gas chromatography and application to ignitable liquid residue mapping in wildfire investigations
    by Nadin Boegelsack on November 30, 2020

    In this study, we introduce a simple three-step workflow for a universally applicable RI system, to be used in GC×GC analysis of ignitable liquid residue (ILR) for arson investigations. The proposed RI system applies a combination of two well-established GC RI systems: non-isothermal Kovats (K) index in the first dimension and Lee (L) index in the second dimension. The proposed KLI RI system showed very good correlations when compared with predicted values and existing RI systems (r² = 0.97 in...

  • Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease with Impulse Control Disorder Due to Novel Variants of F-Box Only Protein 7
    by Dallah Yoo on September 8, 2020

    F-box only protein 7 (FBXO7) is a rare monogenic cause of hereditary Parkinson's disease (PD) with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance and a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Here, we report a de novo PD patient with onset at the age of 28 with novel compound heterozygous variants in the FBXO7 gene (c.1162C>T, p.Gln388X; c.80G>A, p.Arg27His). The clinical features of the patient were problematic impulse control disorder behaviors and pyromania, and pyramidal signs were negative....