Phencyclidine or phenylcyclohexyl piperidine, also known as angel dust among other names, is a drug used for its mind-altering effects. PCP may cause hallucinations, distorted perceptions of sounds, and violent behavior. As a recreational drug, it is typically smoked, but may be taken by mouth, snorted, or injected.
Wiki Number: PW165
Diagnosis: Phencyclidine-PCP Related Disorders
US Patients: 2017-3% used sometime in their lives; 36% moved on into schizophrenia.
Brain Area: Inhibits hyppocampus, cerebellum with prolonged use leading to memory loss; acts like dopamine in its receptors
Symptoms: Drug “angel-dust” for mind-altering, hallucinations, muted sounds, violent behavior; may have adverse effects or suicide.
Progression: Unpredictable brain-altering in the short term; long-term brain damage often occurred. Resembles a schizophrenic episode.
Causes: used recreationally
Medications: benzodiazopenes for agitation and seizures; antipsychotics
Therapies: None listed.
High-resoluton targeted stimulant and phencyclidine (PCP)
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- Identification and Characterization of ML321: A Novel and Highly Selective D2 Dopamine Receptor Antagonist with Efficacy in Animal Models That Predict Atypical Antipsychotic Activityby R Benjamin Free on January 19, 2023
We have developed and characterized a novel D2R antagonist with exceptional GPCR selectivity - ML321. In functional profiling screens of 168 different GPCRs, ML321 showed little activity beyond potent inhibition of the D2R and to a lesser extent the D3R, demonstrating excellent receptor selectivity. The D2R selectivity of ML321 may be related to the fact that, unlike other monoaminergic ligands, ML321 lacks a positively charged amine group and adopts a unique binding pose within the orthosteric...
- Comment on "Case report of a phencyclidine false positive due to lamotrigine"by Caleb J Fredrickson on January 5, 2023
- Arylcyclohexylamine Derivatives: Pharmacokinetic, Pharmacodynamic, Clinical and Forensic Aspectsby Romain Pelletier on December 23, 2022
Since the 2000s, an increasing number of new psychoactive substances (NPS) have appeared on the drug market. Arylcyclohexylamine (ACH) compounds such as ketamine, phencyclidine and eticyclidine derivatives are of particular concern, given their rapidly increasing use and the absence of detailed toxicity data. First used mainly for their pharmacological properties in anesthesia, their recreational use is increasing. ACH derivatives have an antagonistic activity against the N-methyl-D-aspartate...
- Reviewing the Potential Therapeutic Approaches Targeting the Modulation of Gastrointestinal Microflora in Schizophreniaby Ilinca-Bianca Nita on December 23, 2022
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe brain disorder characterized by an intriguing clinical panel that has begun to gain interest due to its particular phenotype. Having considered the role of gut microflora in psychiatry, the latest discoveries might offer further insight into the underlying mechanisms. Thus, we aimed to offer an updated overview of the therapeutic potential of microorganism-derived supplements alongside dedicated protocols that target the re-establishment of the host's eubiosis....