A parasomnia is a sleep disorder that causes abnormal behavior while sleeping. The behavior can occur during any stage of sleep, including the transition from wakefulness to sleeping and vice versa. If you have a parasomnia, you might move around, talk, or do unusual things during sleep.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW152
Diagnosis: Parasomnia
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: 90%M
Age Onset: 50+ Age
Brain Area:
Symptoms: partial arousals before, during and after sleeping;10 core categories:physical partial-arousal during deep-sleep-stages 3 &4,
Progression: confusion, sex acts-still sleeping, night terrors, sleep-walking, eating, nightmares, sleep-talking, hallucinations
Causes: 80% unknown, sleep deprivation may be a factor; problem sometimes resolves itself over time
Medications: melatonin and clonazepam
Therapies: relaxation, biofeedback, hypnosis, stress reduction may help temporarily

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The world-wide medical research
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  • Sleep disturbance in post COVID-19 conditions: Prevalence and quality of life
    by Rimawati Tedjasukmana on January 26, 2023

    Post COVID-19 conditions are complaints and symptoms in patients with a history of probable or confirmed COVID-19 after 3 months of the onset of COVID-19 and last at least 2 months. About 10-20% of people may experience post COVID-19 conditions, one of which is sleep disturbance. There is a wide range of prevalence of sleep disturbances from 6% to more than 70%. An online survey of the post COVID-19 conditions in various countries showed that 78.58% of subjects had sleep disturbances, including...

  • Behavioural sleep problems in children
    by Chun Yi Ting on January 25, 2023

    Behavioural sleep problems are very common in children and are concerns for many parents. This review discusses normal sleep physiology and sleep development and focuses on common behavioural sleep problems in childhood, including behavioural insomnia of childhood, parasomnias and sleep-related movement disorders, highlighting their clinical features and management. Behavioural insomnia of childhood is characterised by learned difficulties in falling asleep and/or staying asleep. Management...

  • A Novel Approach for Sleep Arousal Disorder Detection Based on the Interaction of Physiological Signals and Metaheuristic Learning
    by Afsoon Badiei on January 23, 2023

    The vast majority of sleep disturbances are caused by various types of sleep arousal. To diagnose sleep disorders and prevent health problems such as cardiovascular disease and cognitive impairment, sleep arousals must be accurately detected. Consequently, sleep specialists must spend considerable time and effort analyzing polysomnography (PSG) recordings to determine the level of arousal during sleep. The development of an automated sleep arousal detection system based on PSG would considerably...

  • Effect of low-level laser stimulation of acupuncture points in pediatric dentistry: a systematic review
    by Paôla Caroline da Silva Mira on January 23, 2023

    The biomodulatory potential of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has prompted investigations of different outcomes in health. One line of research is the stimulation of acupuncture points for the relief of different signs and symptoms related to the stomatognathic system. In dentistry, some studies in pediatric dentistry have demonstrated the benefit of LLLT therapies in the management of dental anxiety in children. This systematic review aimed to analyze previous clinical studies on the...