Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Wiki Number: PW145
Diagnosis: Oppositional Defiant Disorder
US Patients: 3.3% of children
Sex Ratio: B1.4+;G
Age Onset: Boys before age 8; Girls after puberty
Brain Area: where aggression responds to emotion-provoking stimuli; amygdala, prefrotnal cortex, anterior cingulate and insula
Symptoms: pattern of angry, defiant behaviors in children and adolescents, but usually not aggressive, destructive, deceitful, nor thieves.
Progression: behaviors are usually against an authority figure, a parent or teacher.
Causes: 50+% hereditary; growing up in poverty with exposures to violence; parents coping poorly with neglect or abuse,
Medications: mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and stimulants
Therapies: child-focused problem-solving strategies, self-monitoring skills, parental skills’ training may help.
Behavior Management Strategies for Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Amazon or Library Book:
The Defiant Child-A Parent’s Guide to Oppositional Defiant Disorder
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Are congenital heart defects connected to more severe attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder?: A systematic review and meta-analysisby Mohammed Tarek Hasan on November 28, 2023
CONCLUSION: Our study revealed a strong association between CHD and not only ADHD, but also the severity of ADHD, making early diagnosis of ADHD in children with CHD a mandatory step in the clinical evaluation practice to improve these children on both clinical and psychological aspects.
- Methylphenidate-associated chest pain in a childby Ruziana Masiran on November 27, 2023
A young child was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. His hyperactivity, impulsivity and absence of awareness towards danger increased his risk of harm and hence methylphenidate was indicated. Unfortunately, he developed chest pain eight months after the treatment initiation. We then stopped the stimulant and changed his treatment to atomoxetine, after which he no longer had chest pain. In the following illustrated case, we will discuss...
- Social and Monetary Reward Processing in Youth with Early Emerging Personality Pathology: An RDoC-Informed Studyby Dara E Babinski on November 26, 2023
Very little is known about the mechanisms underlying the development of personality disorders, hindering efforts to address early risk for these costly and stigmatized disorders. In this study, we examined associations between social and monetary reward processing, measured at the neurophysiological level, and personality pathology, operationalized through the Level of Personality Functioning (LPF), in a sample of early adolescent females (M(age) = 12.21 years old, SD = 1.21). Female youth with...
- Changes in Anxiety following Taste Education Intervention: Fussy Eating Children with and without Neurodevelopmental Disordersby Sigrun Thorsteinsdottir on November 25, 2023
Despite the surge in studies on fussy eating in recent years, anxiety as an associated factor is generally not considered, even though children with fussy eating and those with neurodevelopmental disorders, including Autism Spectrum Disorder or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often have higher levels of anxiety than typically developing children. The current study investigated changes in anxiety scores during a Taste Education intervention, a seven-week school-based intervention...