Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Wiki Number: PW145
Diagnosis: Oppositional Defiant Disorder
US Patients: 3.3% of children
Sex Ratio: B1.4+;G
Age Onset: Boys before age 8; Girls after puberty
Brain Area: where aggression responds to emotion-provoking stimuli; amygdala, prefrotnal cortex, anterior cingulate and insula
Symptoms: pattern of angry, defiant behaviors in children and adolescents, but usually not aggressive, destructive, deceitful, nor thieves.
Progression: behaviors are usually against an authority figure, a parent or teacher.
Causes: 50+% hereditary; growing up in poverty with exposures to violence; parents coping poorly with neglect or abuse,
Medications: mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and stimulants
Therapies: child-focused problem-solving strategies, self-monitoring skills, parental skills’ training may help.
Behavior Management Strategies for Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Amazon or Library Book:
The Defiant Child-A Parent’s Guide to Oppositional Defiant Disorder
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Prevalence of ADHD Symptomatology in Adult Population in the Czech Republic: A National Studyby Martina Vňuková on January 24, 2023
CONCLUSION: Our study documents that the prevalence of ADHD symptomatology in adults is comparable with that in Western countries despite the different historical and health care backgrounds.
- Owner-rated hyperactivity/impulsivity is associated with sleep efficiency in family dogs: a non-invasive EEG studyby Cecília Carreiro on January 23, 2023
Subjective sleep disturbances are reported by humans with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, no consistent objective findings related to sleep disturbances led to the removal of sleep problems from ADHD diagnostic criteria. Dogs have been used as a model for human ADHD with questionnaires validated for this purpose. Also, their sleep physiology can be measured by non-invasive methods similarly to humans. In the current study, we recorded spontaneous sleep EEG in family...
- Factor structure and internal consistency of the parent patient activation measure (P-PAM) in parents of children with ADHD in norwegian paediatric mental healthby Ingunn Mundal on January 23, 2023
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence for an acceptable factor structure and a high reliability of P-PAM as a measure of parent activation, suggesting that the theoretical factors reflect the construct of parent activation as intuitively compiled into an inner cognitive factor and an outer behavioral factor, which are related.
- Dose titration of osmotic release oral system methylphenidate in children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a retrospective cohort studyby Youran Xu on January 22, 2023
CONCLUSIONS: Different treatment and titration patterns of OROS-MPH were observed in the two countries. Additional real-world studies about clinical reasoning underlying dose selection are needed to support clinical decision-making.