Nightmare disorder, also known as dream anxiety disorder, is a sleep disorder characterized by frequent nightmares. The nightmares, which often portray the individual in a situation that jeopardizes their life or personal safety, usually occur during the REM stages of sleep.
Wiki Number: PW136
Diagnosis: Nightmare Disorder
US Patients: 4% of adults; 1% of children
Sex Ratio: M;W2
Symptoms: frequent nightmares involving personal safety, usually occurring during REM stages of sleep; remembers every detail of the dream
Progression: does not wake up screaming, but reduce daytime efficiencies from being “tired”; fear and physical aggression are the most common
Causes: PTSD, extreme stress, death of a loved one; 30% have other psychiatric illnesses
Medications: several antipsychotic medicines have reduced nightmares; hypnosis and relaxation may also help
Therapies: EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) have helped portions of those with PTSD or other threatening experiences.
Youtube Video: Nightmares and Treatment
Amazon or Library Book: Nightmareland
Click the book to link or buy from Amazon.
Support Group: sleepeducation.org; 630-737-9700
(American Academy of Sleep Medicine)
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Sleep Disorders, Sleep Medication Use, and Predictors of Sleep Disturbance in Children with Persistent Tic Disordersby Valerie Swisher on March 4, 2024
The present study examined rates of sleep disorders and sleep medication use, and predictors of sleep disturbance in children with persistent tic disorders (PTD). Sixty-three parents of children aged 10 to 17 years with PTDs completed an internet survey evaluating sleep patterns and clinical symptoms. Insomnia (19.4%), nightmares (16.1%), and bruxism (13.1%) were the most commonly reported lifetime sleep disorders. Fifty-two percent endorsed current sleep medication use. Higher ADHD severity,...
- Ventricular tachycardia in Chagas disease patients: Our worst nightmareby Cristiano F Pisani on March 1, 2024
- Differences in the phenotypic expression of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in US military veterans with and without clinical insomniaby Jason C DeViva on March 1, 2024
CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study suggest that trauma-related reactivity and arousal symptoms differentiate veterans with probable PTSD and clinical insomnia from those with probable PTSD alone. They further underscore the importance of utilizing nuanced models of PTSD symptom expression as part of assessment and treatment planning efforts in this population.
- Alpha-2 Agonists in Children and Adolescents With Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Reviewby Amit Jagtiani on February 27, 2024
Exposure to traumatic stress is common among children. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating chronic mental disorder that can develop following exposure to a traumatic event. Psychopharmacological research in pediatric PTSD is limited. There is some evidence supporting the use of alpha-2 (α(2)) agonists for symptoms associated with PTSD. This systematic review identified published studies evaluating the effectiveness of α(2) agonists in treating PTSD symptoms in children and...