Major Depressive Episode
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn’t worth living.
More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn’t a weakness and you can’t simply “snap out” of it. Depression may require long-term treatment. But don’t get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both.
Wiki Number: PW116
Diagnosis: Major Depressive Episode
US Patients: If untreated can last for several months to two years. Symptoms may improve within 6-8 weeks with treatment.
Sex Ratio: M+;F
Age Onset: Ages 20-45
Symptoms: Symptoms for two weeks of major depressive disorder: loss of interest or pleasure, anxiety, insomnia
Progression: saddened mood, poor sleep, loss of energy, concentration or appetite, thoughts of death or suicide
Causes: Neurotransmitters out of balance, feeling worthless and dispairing; heredity or familial causes
Medications: antidepressants which take 4-6 weeks until maximum effect;
Youtube Video: Major Depressive Episode Self-Care Strategies
Amazon or Library Book:
Handbook of Depression in Children and Adolescents
Click the book to link or buy from Amazon. (Very Expensive!)
Your content goes here. Edit or remove this text inline or in the module Content settings. You can also style every aspect of this content in the module Design settings and even apply custom CSS to this text in the module Advanced settings.
Support Group:adaa.org/supportgroups; Online
(Anxiety & Depression Association of America)
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Recurrent depression relates to worse outcomes than single episode depression among Hispanic adolescents with diabetesby Keiliany Rivera-Santiago on March 1, 2024
CONCLUSIONS: Our study documents important differences in outcomes between T1D youths with vs. without any HRD. Clinicians may need an intensive and integrative approach to treat mental and physical aspects of health among these patients.
- Patients With Atypical Chest Pain: Epidemiology and Reported Consequencesby Mandreker Bahall on February 28, 2024
CONCLUSION: The study participants were mainly women, 31-50 years old, who had experienced anxiety, stress, or depression. They mainly experienced fear and self-reported a reduced quality of life.
- Comparative Analysis of Personality Traits in Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder: Impact, Differences, and Associations with Symptomsby Tian Li on February 28, 2024
CONCLUSION: Patients with mood disorders are characterized by lower extraversion and higher neuroticism. Level of neuroticism associated with depression severity in MDD. Patients with BD may be more extraverted, but their extraversion can be affected by depressive episodes. Extraversion may be a feature of BD, and may differentiate BD from MDD. Personality traits are related to disease diathesis and state, and shaped by symptom manifestations.
- Does Baseline Cognitive Function Predict the Reduction Rate in HDRS-17 Total Scores in First-Episode, Drug-Naive Patients with Major Depressive Disorder?by Qingyan Jiao on February 28, 2024
CONCLUSION: Our findings underscore significant correlations between baseline functioning and the reduction rate in HDRS-17 total scores in FED patients. Moreover, better baseline cognitive function, autonomy, speed of processing and attention/vigilance are more likely to predict patients' response to antidepressant treatment, indicating pre-treatment better cognitive functioning may be predictors to treatment response in FED.