Gambling disorder involves repeated problematic gambling behavior that causes significant problems or distress. It is also called gambling addiction or compulsive gambling.
Wiki Number: W087
Diagnosis: Gambling Disorder-Problem Gambling
US Patients: 6/10 of 1%
Sex Ratio: M+;W
Brain Area: lower level of norepinephrine, which is secreted during gambling stress and thrills; less serotonin or opioids
Symptoms: Gambler uses increasing amounts of money, from others, preoccupied, done often when distressed to “make up losses”
Progression: with lying, losing significant relationships and opportunities, is irritable and refuses to quit, may have substance abuse
Causes: impulsivity, seeking to activivate brain reward systems so defined as addiction, vs. OCD based on brain’s fear mechanisms
Medications: antidepressants in Britain, but not approved in the US by the FDA; lithium
Therapies: “Gamblers’ Anonymous”; CBT-metacognitive training; self-excluson-enforced by face-recognition cameras in casinos
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Using "Markers of Harm" to Track Risky Gambling in Two Cohorts of Online Sports Bettorsby William H B McAuliffe on January 24, 2022
Online gambling poses novel risks for problem gambling, but also unique opportunities to detect and intervene with at-risk users. A consortium of gambling companies recently committed to using nine behavioral "Markers of Harm'' that can be calculated with online user data to estimate risk for gambling-related harm. The current study evaluates these markers in two independent samples of sports bettors, collected ten years apart. We find over a two-year period that most users never had high enough...
- Unpacking the Construct of Dysregulated Behaviors Using Variable-Centered and Person-Centered Analytic Approachesby Konrad Bresin on January 24, 2022
Dysregulated behaviors (e.g., alcohol and drug use, aggression, self-harm, gambling, binge eating) occur frequently and can be severely costly to individuals and society. Yet, little is known about the construct of dysregulated behaviors, including (a) whether it is distinct from related constructs such as compulsive behaviors and sensation-seeking, (b) whether its components share common correlates (e.g., impulsigenic traits, reward sensitivity, and emotion dysregulation), and (c) identify and...
- The Prevalence of Impulse Control Disorders and Behavioral Addictions in Eating Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysisby Daniel J Devoe on January 24, 2022
Aim: Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) may present with impulse control disorders (ICDs) and behavioral addictions (BAs), which may result in additional suffering and treatment resistance. However, the prevalence of ICDs and BAs in EDs has not been systematically examined. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the prevalence of ICDs and BAs in ED samples. Methods: A comprehensive electronic database search of the peer-reviewed literature was conducted in the...
- Reward Sensitivity Predicts the Response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children with Autism and Anxietyby Matthew J Hollocks on January 24, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Children with ASD and anxiety who are more sensitive to reward contingencies and reinforcement may benefit more from adapted CBT approaches that work more explicitly with reward.