Gambling disorder involves repeated problematic gambling behavior that causes significant problems or distress. It is also called gambling addiction or compulsive gambling.
Wiki Number: W087
Diagnosis: Gambling Disorder-Problem Gambling
US Patients: 6/10 of 1%
Sex Ratio: M+;W
Brain Area: lower level of norepinephrine, which is secreted during gambling stress and thrills; less serotonin or opioids
Symptoms: Gambler uses increasing amounts of money, from others, preoccupied, done often when distressed to “make up losses”
Progression: with lying, losing significant relationships and opportunities, is irritable and refuses to quit, may have substance abuse
Causes: impulsivity, seeking to activivate brain reward systems so defined as addiction, vs. OCD based on brain’s fear mechanisms
Medications: antidepressants in Britain, but not approved in the US by the FDA; lithium
Therapies: “Gamblers’ Anonymous”; CBT-metacognitive training; self-excluson-enforced by face-recognition cameras in casinos
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Differences Between Illegal and Legal Gamblers in Israel: Gambling Behavior, Motivation, and Substance Useby Hagit Bonny-Noach on July 3, 2022
Little is known about people who gamble in illegal settings, and the extent of differences in gambling behavior between legal and illegal gamblers is unclear. The present study examined the characteristics of illegal gamblers and whether they engage in more frequent and severe gambling behaviors, and demonstrate greater motivation for gambling and substance use than legal gamblers. A cross-sectional online survey recruited 1251 people who gambled in the preceding year, of whom 13% (N = 161)...
- Examination of the Problem Gambling Severity Index for Use with Older Adults: A Rasch Model Approachby Julie A Gorenko on July 1, 2022
Research and prevalence studies commonly use the nine-item Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI; Ferris and Wynne in The Canadian Problem Gambling Index, 2001) to measure problem gambling severity in older adults. However, the appropriateness of the PGSI for use with older adults must be evaluated to ensure accurate interpretation of scores. This study evaluated the PGSI with older adults that gamble using a Rasch model approach, which has not yet been examined in the literature. Data from the...
- Exposure to gambling promotions and gambling behaviours in Australian secondary school studentsby Natasha Noble on June 30, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Study findings point to the need to impose restrictions on gambling advertisements and promotions, particularly those presented online.
- Gambling and gaming during COVID-19: The role of mental health and social motives in gambling and gaming problemsby Iina Savolainen on June 30, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Mental health problems experienced during the pandemic and the social properties of games might accentuate gambling and gaming problems.