Gambling Disorder

Gambling disorder involves repeated problematic gambling behavior that causes significant problems or distress. It is also called gambling addiction or compulsive gambling.

 

Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W087
Diagnosis: Gambling Disorder-Problem Gambling
US Patients: 6/10 of 1%
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: M+;W
Age Onset:
Brain Area: lower level of norepinephrine, which is secreted during gambling stress and thrills; less serotonin or opioids
Symptoms: Gambler uses increasing amounts of money, from others, preoccupied, done often when distressed to “make up losses”
Progression: with lying, losing significant relationships and opportunities, is irritable and refuses to quit, may have substance abuse
Causes: impulsivity, seeking to activivate brain reward systems so defined as addiction, vs. OCD based on brain’s fear mechanisms
Medications: antidepressants in Britain, but not approved in the US by the FDA; lithium
Therapies: “Gamblers’ Anonymous”; CBT-metacognitive training; self-excluson-enforced by face-recognition cameras in casinos

4 CURRENT ARTICLES
FROM PUBMED

The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.