Food Rumination Syndrome
Rumination syndrome is a condition in which people repeatedly and unintentionally spit up (regurgitate) undigested or partially digested food from the stomach, rechew it, and then either reswallow it or spit it out. Because the food hasn’t yet been digested, it reportedly tastes normal and isn’t acidic, as vomit is.
Wiki Number: PW190
Diagnosis: (Food) Rumination Syndrome
US Patients: 10% of institutionalized infant or child mental disabilities
Sex Ratio: B;G+
Age Onset: Age 11, boys; age 14, for girls.
Brain Area: This appears to be involuntary, not consciously caused by the person.
Symptoms: in children and those with cognitive disabilities, regular regurgitation of meals by involuntary contraction of abdominal muscles
Progression: Unlike normal vomit, the process is normal and unforced. Damage to the esophagus and alimentary canal, malnutrition, weight loss
Therapies: For children or limited intelligence, a sour or bitter taste on the tongue is aversion training. Abdominal breathing helps others.
Youtube Video: Living With Rumination (Regurgitation) Disorder
Teen Unable to Digest His Food
Amazon or Library (Kindle Only):
A Simple Guide to Rumination Syndrome
Click the book to link or order form Amazon.
This book is “Kindle-Only.”
Support Group: nationaleatingdisorders.org; 800-930-2237
(National Eating Disorders Association)
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- The factor structure and validity of a diagnostic interview for avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in a sample of children, adolescents, and young adultsby Christine E Cooper-Vince on November 3, 2022
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of validated diagnostic interviews for avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) to aid identification and classification of cases for both clinical and research purposes. To evaluate the factor structure, construct validity, and criterion validity of the Pica ARFID and Rumination Disorder Interview (PARDI; ARFID module), we administered the PARDI to 129 children and adolescents ages 9-23 years (M = 16.1) with ARFID (n = 84), subclinical ARFID (n = 11), and...
- Virtual Reality and Mindfulness Approaches in the Treatment of Rumination Syndromeby Jeff Angelo Taclob on October 10, 2022
Rumination syndrome (RS) is the repeated, effortless food regurgitation during or immediately after eating or drinking, which could be followed by rechewing, reswallowing, or spitting out of the regurgitant gastric contents. The mechanism by which RS ensues is because of the habitual contraction of the abdominal wall muscles leading to increased intra-abdominal pressure and regurgitation of gastric contents. Therefore, diaphragmatic breathing techniques and biofeedback are helpful in these...
- Prevalence of pica and rumination behaviours in adults and associations with eating disorder and general psychopathology: findings form a population-based studyby A S Hartmann on June 9, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the clinical significance of PB and RB in adults regarding both prevalence and associations with other psychopathological symptoms. In particular, associations with body image need to be investigated further, as in contrast to other eating disorders, body image disturbance is not yet represented in the diagnostic criteria for pica and rumination disorder. In sum, the findings highlight the need for clinical attention for these disorders and related behaviours...
- Psychological Considerations in the Dietary Management of Patients With DGBIby Helen Burton Murray on April 11, 2022
In this article, an expert team of 2 gastro-psychologists, a dietician, and an academic gastroenterologist provides insights into the psychological and social implications of evidence-based and "popular" dietary interventions in disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). We focus on practical approaches for evaluating a patient's appropriateness for a dietary intervention, considering the nutritional, psychological, behavioral, and social context in which a patient may find themselves managing...