Expressive Language Disorder
Expressive language disorder is difficulty using words to communicate needs and ideas. Children who have this disorder may leave words out of sentences, mix up word tense, and repeat phrases or parts of sentences. It can lead to problems in social settings and at school.
Wiki Number: W080
Diagnosis: Expressive Language Disorder
Sex Ratio: B+;G
Brain Area: Inadequate procedural memories in basal-ganglia circuits in the frontal lobe; Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas, also
Symptoms: lower than normal spoken language expression, but normal language understanding: vocabulary, complex sentences etc.
Causes: “acquired expressive language disorder” – brain damage, by stroke, injury or seizures; FOXP2-gene=speech impairments
Medications: None listed. The Wikipedia article includes a section describing areas of the brain which may affect this disorder.
Therapies: speech therapy
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Language Intervention Isn't Just Spoken: Assessment and Treatment of a Deaf Signing Child With Specific Language Impairmentby Lauren E Kelley on October 7, 2021
Purpose This case study describes the language evaluation and treatment of a 5-year-old boy, Lucas, who is Deaf, uses American Sign Language (ASL), and presented with a language disorder despite native access to ASL and no additional diagnosis that would explain the language difficulties. Method Lucas participated in an evaluation where his nonverbal IQ, fine motor, and receptive/expressive language skills were assessed. Language assessment included both formal and informal evaluation...
- Statistical word learning in Catalan-Spanish and English-speaking children with and without developmental language disorderby Nadia Ahufinger on October 6, 2021
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The findings add to a pattern suggesting that SWL is a mechanism that children rely on to acquire vocabulary. The results also suggest that SWL deficits, in particular when combined with other measures, may be a reliable diagnostic indicator for children with DLD regardless of the child's native language, and whether or not the child is bilingual or monolingual.
- Alpha-mannosidosis in Tunisian consanguineous families: Potential involvement of variants in GHR and SLC19A3 genes in the variable expressivity of cognitive impairmentby Rahma Mkaouar on October 6, 2021
Alpha-Mannosidosis (AM) is an ultra-rare storage disorder caused by a deficiency of lysosomal alpha-mannosidase encoded by the MAN2B1 gene. Clinical presentation of AM includes mental retardation, recurrent infections, hearing loss, dysmorphic features, and motor dysfunctions. AM has never been reported in Tunisia. We report here the clinical and genetic study of six patients from two Tunisian families with AM. The AM diagnosis was confirmed by an enzymatic activity assay. Genetic investigation...
- Shared Interactive Book Reading Interventions for Young Children With Disabilities: A Systematic Reviewby Jacqueline A Towson on September 29, 2021
Purpose Shared interactive book reading (SIBR) is an evidence-based practice for young children who are typically developing and those with developmental disabilities or considered at risk for developmental delays. The purpose of this review was to provide a comprehensive examination of the evidence of using SIBR to facilitate growth in language skills for young children with developmental disabilities and/or delays. Specifically, authors examined the descriptive characteristics, study rigor,...