Encopresis (en-ko-PREE-sis), sometimes called fecal incontinence or soiling, is the repeated passing of stool (usually involuntarily) into clothing. Typically it happens when impacted stool collects in the colon and rectum: the colon becomes too full and liquid stool leaks around the retained stool, staining underwear.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W073
Diagnosis: Encopresis
US Patients:
World Patients: About 2%
Sex Ratio:
Age Onset: Age 4+
Brain Area:
Symptoms: leaking feces into underwear, not on a toilet; feces are unintentional or intentionally held and put outside the toilet
Causes: constipation or surgery
Medications: stool softeners, enemas
Therapies: training to sit on the stool after meals; decrease dairy, bananas, cooked carrots; ncrease bran, fruits & vegetables


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • A Child Psychiatry Perspective on Encopresis
    by Evelyne Baroud on January 6, 2022

    No abstract

  • Encopresis
    by Musa Yilanli on January 1, 2022

    Encopresis or fecal incontinence is defined as the involuntary passing of stool into inappropriate places such as the underwear in children older than four years of age. It represents severe psychological distress on children and their families. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), encopresis criteria consisted of the repeated passage of stool into inappropriate places, and it can be either voluntarily or involuntarily. These encopretic events...

  • Delayed avoidant restrictive food intake disorder diagnosis leading to Ogilvie's syndrome in an adolescent
    by Valérie Bertrand on October 8, 2021

    CONCLUSION: The training of health professionals in the clinical forms of pediatric FED, including ARFID, is necessary, to promote early diagnosis and prevent poor nutritional outcomes. In this case the association of ARFID-ASD and the delay in access to specialized care favored by the disadvantaged social environment led to severe gastrointestinal complications.

  • An association between incontinence and antipsychotic drugs: A systematic review
    by Amin Arasteh on August 15, 2021

    To date, due to the increasing prevalence of psychiatric diseases, the use of antipsychotic drugs has expanded. One of the proven side effects of these drugs is incontinence. Treatment of this complication improves the quality of life in these patients, increases self-confidence, and betters cope with their psychiatric illness. The exact mechanism of this side effect is not fully understood, but various methods have been used experimentally to deal with it. Strategies such as behavior therapy,...