Encopresis (en-ko-PREE-sis), sometimes called fecal incontinence or soiling, is the repeated passing of stool (usually involuntarily) into clothing. Typically it happens when impacted stool collects in the colon and rectum: the colon becomes too full and liquid stool leaks around the retained stool, staining underwear.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W073
Diagnosis: Encopresis
US Patients:
World Patients: About 2%
Sex Ratio:
Age Onset: Age 4+
Brain Area:
Symptoms: leaking feces into underwear, not on a toilet; feces are unintentional or intentionally held and put outside the toilet
Causes: constipation or surgery
Medications: stool softeners, enemas
Therapies: training to sit on the stool after meals; decrease dairy, bananas, cooked carrots; ncrease bran, fruits & vegetables


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Characteristics of the autism spectrum disorder gastrointestinal and related behaviors inventory in children
    by Calliope Holingue on March 18, 2022

    Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are one of the prevalent co-occurring issues in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), though the range of symptom frequency estimates varies dramatically across studies, which can limit the further research of GI issues in ASD as well as potential treatment strategies. The wide range of prevalence estimates is partly due to the lack of standardized, validated measures of GI symptoms among people with ASD. The goal of this study was to (1) develop a measure, which...

  • Comparing quality of life improvement after antegrade continence enema (ACE) therapy for patients with organic and functional constipation / encopresis
    by Shawn Brophy on February 4, 2022

    CONCLUSIONS: Caregivers perceive a significant, sustainable improvement in stooling habits and QoL following ACE therapy. The improvement is comparable between patients with a functional diagnosis and those with an underlying organic reason for their CCFI.

  • A Child Psychiatry Perspective on Encopresis
    by Evelyne Baroud on January 6, 2022

    Fecal incontinence, known as encopresis, is the repetitive, intentional or unintentional passage of stool in inappropriate places in children who are developmentally four years old or older. Incontinence can have a chronic course and is associated with emotional distress and a substantial negative impact on quality of life. We review how a medical and behavioral health multidisciplinary approach provides the optimal clinical care for this condition, and we discuss how the unique skill set of the...

  • Encopresis
    by Musa Yilanli on January 1, 2022

    Encopresis or fecal incontinence is defined as the involuntary passing of stool into inappropriate places such as the underwear in children older than four years of age. It represents severe psychological distress on children and their families. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), encopresis criteria consisted of the repeated passage of stool into inappropriate places, and it can be either voluntarily or involuntarily. These encopretic events...