Developmental Coordination Disorder

A childhood developmental disorder marked by clumsiness in otherwise healthy kids.
Developmental coordination disorder may occur alone or with other developmental disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It usually continues into adulthood.
Symptoms include delays in sitting or walking. Children may find it difficult to jump or perform tasks such as tying shoelaces.
Treatment includes occupational and physical therapies to improve coordination.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W061
Diagnosis: Developmental Coordination Disorder
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: M4;W
Age Onset: Child
Brain Area:
Symptoms: children’s poor muscular coodination that most of them grow out of, poor short-term memory for procedures
Progression: (Jim Lohr: Apparently this is primarily with coordination and use of arms, wrists and hands.)
Causes: 50% have ADHD, may be “oversensitive” to textures, touch, hearing, etc. , poor visual-spatial memory
Therapies: physical therapy and occupational therapy


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Preterm Birth Affects Early Motor Development in Pigs
    by Charlotte Vanden Hole on October 25, 2021

    Background: Preterm infants frequently show neuromotor dysfunctions, but it is not clear how reduced gestational age at birth may induce developmental coordination disorders. Advancing postnatal age, not only post-conceptional age, may determine neuromuscular development, and early interventions in preterm newborns may improve their later motor skills. An animal model of preterm birth that allows early postnatal detection of movement patterns may help to investigate this hypothesis. Methods:...

  • Children with Poor Motor Skills Have Lower Health-Related Fitness Compared to Typically Developing Children
    by Marisja Denysschen on October 23, 2021

    Most of the current empirical evidence regarding the relationship between health-related fitness and level of motor performance is based on children from high-income countries. Yet, children from low-resource areas may have fewer opportunities to develop their fitness skills. The aim of the study was to determine if South African children from both low- and middle-income areas scoring below the 16th percentile on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (probable-Developmental Coordination...

  • Evaluation of cardiopulmonary system outcomes in children with developmental coordination disorder: A systematic review
    by Renata Martins on October 23, 2021

    CONCLUSION: Although very heterogeneous, the evidence found in this review suggests that children with DCD have less cardiorespiratory fitness and lower lung function when compared to children with typical development. However, new studies are suggested to investigate and strengthen the evidence found in the present study.

  • Masticatory movements and food textures in older patients with eating difficulties
    by Yoko Kato on October 22, 2021

    CONCLUSION: Masticatory movements in older patients with eating difficulties may be associated with appropriate food textures whilst being influenced by individual differences in systemic motor control. Masticatory movements may be as important as teeth to enjoy eating.