Cocaine Dependence

Cocaine dependence is a biopsychosocial disorder characterized by persistent use of cocaine despite substantial harm and adverse consequences.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W044
Diagnosis: Cocaine Dependence
US Patients: 6000 deaths annually
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: M;W3
Age Onset: 13-4X vs. 19
Brain Area: overdoses can constrict blood vessels in the brain and heart – causing damage
Symptoms: positively-high energy; negatively-high body temperatures, irregular heart beat, death, amphetamine psychosis,
Progression: large doses cause mood swings, paranoia, insomnia, psychosis, high blood pressure, panic attacks, cognitive impairments
Causes: 15% of users become dependent in two years
Medications: None investigated were effective.
Therapies: 12-Step Cocaine Anonymous; CBT – both have low success rates

Youtube Video: What’s Cocaine Addiction Like?

Amazon (Only on Audible), but maybe the Library has it also:

The Small Book . . Alcohol and Drug Dependence

Amazon or Library Book:

Chasing the Scream

Click the book to link or buy from Amazon.

Click the book to link or buy from Amazon.

Support Group:; Cocaine Anonymous

(Contact phone numbers are available in most states.)


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion Following Cocaine Inhalation: Case Report and Review of the Literature
    by Waleed K Alsarhani on January 23, 2023

    Cocaine abuse has been reported to cause devastating systemic and ocular side effects. Retinal vascular occlusion following cocaine abuse has been scarcely reported in the literature. Herein, we are describing a rare case of branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) following intranasal cocaine use in a young female. She presented to the emergency department 1 month after having blurred vision in the left eye, which started 1 day after cocaine nasal inhalation. Fundus examination of the left eye...

  • Cocaine Abuse as an Immunological Trigger in a Case Diagnosed with Eales Disease
    by Ludovico Iannetti on January 21, 2023

    Background: Eales disease is a clinical syndrome affecting the mid-peripheral retina with an idiopathic occlusive vasculitis and possible subsequent retinal neovascularization. The disease can develop into visually threatening complications. Case Presentation: We report the case of a 40-year-old Caucasian male with a history of cocaine abuse who presented with blurred vision in the left eye (LE). Fundus examination showed vitreous hemorrhages, peripheral sheathing of venous blood vessels, areas...

  • Race-Related and Mental Health Factors of Powder Cocaine Use Among Black Incarcerated Men
    by Brittany Miller-Roenigk on January 18, 2023

    Incarceration disproportionately impacts Black men in the United States, which can have compounding effects on mental health and substance use among this population. Cocaine use, in particular, carries higher severity of dependence and overdose risks among Black Americans, though research examining cocaine use correlates among Black incarcerated men is limited. The present study examines race-related and mental health correlates of powder cocaine use among a sample of incarcerated Black men (n =...

  • Gaps and barriers in drug and alcohol treatment following implementation of the affordable care act
    by Catherine Tomko on January 16, 2023

    CONCLUSIONS: There was no significant change in the prevalence of SUD treatment gap after ACA implementation. Increasing access to SUD treatment for low-income individuals will require intervening at multiple socioecological levels beyond reforming treatment financing.