Claustrophobia is the irrational fear of confined spaces.
Some people with claustrophobia experience mild anxiety when in a confined space, while others have severe anxiety or a panic attack. The most common experience is a feeling or fear of losing control.
Wiki Number: W043
World Patients: 5-10%
Brain Area: Smaller amygdala, fight-flight response
Symptoms: fear confined spaces: elevators, windowless rooms, hotel rooms, small cars, tight-necked clothing, MRI machine
Progression: may result in severe panic attacks
Causes: fear of suffocation-release of adrenaline for an autonomic response; fear of restriction
Medications: None listed.
Therapies: 30%- cognitive therapy, convincing that the situation was not dangerous; exposure, 75%; virtual reality
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Features of emotional regulation in children with anxiety disordersby S Yu Surushkina on January 18, 2022
CONCLUSION: The use of Anvifen leads to a significant improvement in the quality of sleep and a decrease in signs of anxiety before sleep and signs of impaired quality of wakefulness, which allows us to conclude that Anvifen is effective in treating anxiety disorders in children.
- Effects of eszopiclone on sleep quality and cognitive function in elderly patients with Alzheimer's disease and sleep disorder: A randomized controlled trialby Shuyu Huo on January 18, 2022
CONCLUSION: Eszopiclone can effectively improve the quality of sleep and cognitive function in elderly patients with AD and sleep disorder.
- Pregnancy-related claustrophobiaby Nessa Keane on January 14, 2022
A 35-year-old primigravida presented with significant anxiety symptoms at 26 weeks' gestation. Symptoms were preceded by a nightmare about her upcoming labour. She developed repetitive intrusive thoughts of being trapped emotionally and physically in her pregnancy. Her symptoms were suggestive of new-onset claustrophobia associated with pregnancy, which has not been previously reported on. Her symptoms ameliorated with a combination of cognitive-behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy...
- The association of anxiety and stress-related disorders with C-reactive protein (CRP) within UK Biobankby Emma Kennedy on January 14, 2022
Anxiety and stress-related disorders are both common and disabling psychiatric conditions. There are a number of hypotheses suggesting the underlying pathophysiology of these disorders, however, the exact mechanism is unknown. Inflammation has previously been linked with depression and has more recently been suggested as a possible link to anxiety aetiology. The objectives of this study are to assess the relationship between different anxiety/stress-related disorders and inflammation (measured...