Wiki Number: W036
Symptoms: muscular immobility and bahavioral abnormality; may accompany schizophrenia, mental disorders, or drug withdrawals
Progression: may be rigid, mute, stay in a position or have purposeless, repetitive motions; or may be hyperactive and impulsive.
Causes: excessive glutamate with excessive movement, along with possible cell damage and death
Medications: benzodiadiazapines, electrocompulsive therapy, antipsychotics
Therapies: None given.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Catatonia: A Diagnostic Interventionby Ajeet Sidana on June 29, 2022
- Management and outcomes of catatonia: A prospective study in urban South Africaby Zukiswa Zingela on June 27, 2022
CONCLUSION: Both lorazepam and electroconvulsive therapy were found to be effective treatments for catatonia with good response and outcomes. The length of hospital stay of patients with catatonia was similar to that of patients without catatonia. Treatment guidelines for catatonia need to include the role and timing of electroconvulsive therapy to augment current treatment protocols for the use of lorazepam.
- Social behavior and spatial orientation in rat strains with genetic predisposition to catatonia (GC) and stereotypes (PM)by V S Plekanchuk on June 23, 2022
Various psychopathologies, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression, are associated with abnormalities in social behavior and learning. One of the syndromes that may also take place in these disorders is catatonia. Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome in which motor excitement, stereotypy, stuporous state, including the phenomenon of "waxy flexibility" (catalepsy), can be observed. Rats with genetic catatonia (GC) and pendulum-like movements (PM) of the anterior half of the...
- A Case and Proposed Mechanism of Catatonia During the Post-Acute Phase of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infectionby David R Spiegel on June 17, 2022