Wiki Number: W036
Symptoms: muscular immobility and bahavioral abnormality; may accompany schizophrenia, mental disorders, or drug withdrawals
Progression: may be rigid, mute, stay in a position or have purposeless, repetitive motions; or may be hyperactive and impulsive.
Causes: excessive glutamate with excessive movement, along with possible cell damage and death
Medications: benzodiadiazapines, electrocompulsive therapy, antipsychotics
Therapies: None given.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy as a potential first-choice treatment in treatment-resistant depression (Review)by Simona Trifu on October 11, 2021
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a technique that has been used since 1938 to treat several psychiatric disorders as a replacement for chemically induced seizures. Despite its history of stigma, controversy and low accessibility, ECT is found to be beneficial and efficient in severe cases of depression where medication fails to bring results. Titration tables developed over time, based on evidenced-based medicine, have made this treatment technique safe and, in some cases, the first choice of...
- Physical Therapy Interventions and Outcome Measures for a Patient Diagnosed with Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitisby Catherine Kennedy on October 7, 2021
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis is the most common cause of autoimmune encephalitis after acute demyelinating encephalitis. Patients usually present with acute behavioral changes, psychosis, and abnormal limb movements and can also present with symptoms of catatonia. Treatment typically consists of an immunotherapy protocol consisting of intravenous immunoglobulin, corticosteroids, and plasmapheresis. This article describes the medical treatment, physical therapy (PT)...
- Treatment of Acute Agitation Associated With Excited Catatonia Using Dexmedetomidine: Case Series and Literature Reviewby Marcela Almeida on October 7, 2021
- A case study on attenuated forms of catatonic symptoms in schizophrenia: relevance of early intervention with electroconvulsive therapyby Sujita Kumar Kar on October 4, 2021