Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder is a mental health disorder that impacts the way you think and feel about yourself and others, causing problems functioning in everyday life. It includes self-image issues, difficulty managing emotions and behavior, and a pattern of unstable relationships.
Wiki Number: W026
Diagnosis: Borderline Personality Disorder
US Patients: 1.6% in a year
Sex Ratio: M;F3
Age Onset: 18
Brain Area: frontolimbic neurons; hippocampus; orbitofrontal cortex; amygdala; dopamine
Symptoms: unstable relationships, strong emotional reactions, self-harm; paranoia
Progression: fear rejection and abandonment; highly impulsive, self-harm by cutting
Causes: child abuse; ptsd; heritability-50%;smaller amygdala, hippocampus – smaller; dopamine and estrogen involved
Medications: None help, but antipsychotics may reduce suicidal intentions; mood stabilizers may avert suicides.
Therapies: CBT helped 50% with personal relationships but lower percentages with vocational situations.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Crisis-focused psychosocial interventions for borderline personality disorder: systematic review and narrative synthesisby Lisa Wood on May 17, 2022
CONCLUSIONS: There is presently insufficient data to recommend any specific psychosocial crisis intervention for people with BPD. Given the relationship between BPD and the high frequency of crises experienced by this group, further large-scale trials examining crisis-focused psychosocial interventions are required.
- Eating disorders and the nine symptoms of borderline personality disorder: A systematic review and series of meta-analysesby Alexia E Miller on May 17, 2022
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders and borderline personality disorder have high rates of comorbidity. However, the extent to which individual BPD symptoms are elevated in patients with EDs is largely unknown. Meta-analyses examined: (1) which of the nine BPD symptoms are especially elevated in individuals with versus without EDs, (2) whether particular ED subtypes have elevated levels of certain BPD symptoms, and (3) which BPD symptoms remain unstudied/understudied in relation to EDs.
- Validity and reliability: The psychometric properties of the Persian version of Short Form of the Impulsiveness Questionnaire UPPS-P in Iranby Forouzan Behrouzian on May 16, 2022
CONCLUSION: The SUPPS-P instrument showed acceptable validity and reliability and could be useful in assessing impulsivity in Iranian society. The SUPPS-P scale shows notable promise as a measure for use in impulsivity research and clinical settings.
- The endocannabinoid system in borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder: A scoping reviewby Wilson Ho on May 16, 2022
Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) are overrepresented in forensic settings. Yet, despite the burden these disorders place on healthcare and criminal justice systems, there remains a lack of evidence-based pharmacological treatments. Epidemiological data have shown that comorbid cannabis use disorders are common in BPD and ASPD. ∆⁹ -Tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive constituent of cannabis, is an exogenous cannabinoid...