Body Dysmorphic Disorder
A mental illness involving obsessive focus on a perceived flaw in appearance.
The flaw may be minor or imagined. But the person may spend hours a day trying to fix it. The person may try many cosmetic procedures or exercise to excess.
People with this disorder may frequently examine their appearance in a mirror, constantly compare their appearance with that of others, and avoid social situations or photos.
Treatment may include counseling and antidepressant medication.
Wiki Number: W024
Diagnosis: Body Dysmorphic Disorder
US Patients: US2%
Age Onset: Age 12
Symptoms: Ruminates about a real or exaggerated flaw, tries to hide or uses plastic surgery
Progression: 1/3 delusional, may “pick at it” and create scars, emotional hyper-arousal, social withdrawal
Causes: Those with poor self-image get proccupied and take more “selfies” which makes it worse.
Medications: anti-depressants; I (Jim Lohr) suspect women worry about features; men about sizes of body parts.
Therapies: CBT-clarifying the false observations
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Instantaneous radiated power of brain activity: application to prepulse inhibition and facilitation for body dysmorphic disorderby Anastasios E Giannopoulos on October 25, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Investigating the brain activity with IRP significantly reduces the data dimensionality, giving insights about global brain synchronization and strength. We conclude that IRP can replicate the existing evidence regarding sensorimotor gating effects, revealing also group electrophysiological alterations. Finally, electrophysiological IRP responses exhibited correlations with BDD psychometrics, potentially useful as supplementary tool in BDD symptomatology.
- Association of body dysmorphic disorder with anxiety, depression, and stress among university studentsby Raghad F Hakim on October 25, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that BDD is relatively common among university students in Jeddah and associated with depression, anxiety, and stress.
- Cytoarchitectonically-defined volumes of early extrastriate visual cortex in unmedicated adults with body dysmorphic disorderby Jamie D Feusner on October 24, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Greater volumes of the early extrastriate visual cortex were evident in those with BDD, which aligns with outcomes of prior studies revealing BDD-specific functional abnormalities in these regions. Enlarged volumes of the extrastriate cortex in BDD might manifest during neurodevelopment, which could predispose individuals to aberrant visual perception and contribute to the core phenotype of distortion of perception for appearance.
- Validating the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire-Aesthetic Surgery in a German rhinoplasty populationby Ralph Hohenberger on October 21, 2021