Anxiolytics, or anti-anxiety drugs, are a category of drugs used to prevent anxiety and treat anxiety related to several anxiety disorders. These drugs tend to work rather quickly and can be habit-forming. Because of this, they’re usually only prescribed for short-term use.
Wiki Number: PW199C
Diagnosis: Anxiolytics (Anti-Anxiety Agents)
US Patients: Anxiolytics reduce anxiety while anxiogenic agents increase anxiety. Anxiolytics are minor tranquilizers; barbiturates are obsolete
World Patients: Benzodiazepines are used for short-and-long term relief of severe and disabling anxiety. 15 are listed.
Sex Ratio: Alternatives are carbamates, antihistamines,opioids (Opioids are often addictive.), antidepressants, and SSRIs.
Age Onset: Sympatholytics are anti-hypertensives inhibit thesympathetic nervous system: beta or alpha blockers and alpha-adrenergic agonists
Brain Area: 12 “miscellaneous” drugs are listed.
Symptoms: Alternatives to medication include CBT or exposure therapy. These may have limited effectiveness.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Comparative Evaluation of Changes in Physiological and Psychomotor Effects in Pediatric Patients during Extraction under Different Concentrations of Nitrous Oxide-Oxygen Inhalation Sedationby Reshi Iram Shafi on January 24, 2022
CONCLUSION: N(2)O-O(2) inhalation sedation under different concentrations reduces the anxiety of the patient and produces adequate sedation with vital signs within normal limits along with temporary impairment of psychomotor ability and coordination.
- GABA (A) /Benzodiazepine Receptor Complex in the Dorsal Hippocampus Mediates the Effects of Chrysin on Anxiety-Like Behaviour in Female Ratsby Juan Francisco Rodríguez-Landa on January 24, 2022
Systemic injections of the flavonoid chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone) exert anxiolytic-like effects in ovariectomised and cycling female rats through actions on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA (A) ) receptors; however, it is unknown if chrysin directly acts on brain structures that are involved in regulating emotional processes, such as the hippocampus. The present study evaluated the effects of intrahippocampal microinjections of 0.25, 0.5, and 1 μg of chrysin on anxiety-like behaviour in the...
- Neuropharmacological investigation, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography analysis, and in silico studies of Phyla nodifloraby H M A Rahman on January 24, 2022
The increasing burden of neurological disorders is becoming a worldwide health challenge and researchers are continuously struggling to cure them by utilizing the miraculous medicinal properties of plants. The crude methanolic extract of whole herb of Phyla nodiflora (Pn.Cr) was subjected to phytochemical, antioxidant and neuropharmacological assessment. The Pn.Cr was initially exposed to the in vitro examination for phytocomposition through ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC)....
- Optimizing anxiolysis and analgesia for percutaneous intervention by the abdominal radiologistby Amar Shah on January 24, 2022
Abdominal radiologists perform a wide variety of image-guided interventions. Procedures performed by abdominal radiologists can be broadly categorized into paracentesis, thoracentesis, superficial and deep soft tissue biopsy, drain placement, and ablation. As these procedures continue to develop as an alternative to more invasive and potentially morbid interventions, and with continued improvements in minimally invasive technologies, it becomes increasingly important for abdominal radiologists...