Anxiolytics, or anti-anxiety drugs, are a category of drugs used to prevent anxiety and treat anxiety related to several anxiety disorders. These drugs tend to work rather quickly and can be habit-forming. Because of this, they’re usually only prescribed for short-term use.
Wiki Number: PW199C
Diagnosis: Anxiolytics (Anti-Anxiety Agents)
US Patients: Anxiolytics reduce anxiety while anxiogenic agents increase anxiety. Anxiolytics are minor tranquilizers; barbiturates are obsolete
World Patients: Benzodiazepines are used for short-and-long term relief of severe and disabling anxiety. 15 are listed.
Sex Ratio: Alternatives are carbamates, antihistamines,opioids (Opioids are often addictive.), antidepressants, and SSRIs.
Age Onset: Sympatholytics are anti-hypertensives inhibit thesympathetic nervous system: beta or alpha blockers and alpha-adrenergic agonists
Brain Area: 12 “miscellaneous” drugs are listed.
Symptoms: Alternatives to medication include CBT or exposure therapy. These may have limited effectiveness.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Clinical outcomes of paliperidone long-acting injection in patients with schizophrenia: a 1-year retrospective cohort studyby Hsue-Wei Chan on October 16, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: PLAI reduces the incidence of admission and emergency room visits.
- A systematic review and meta-analysis of acceptance- and mindfulness-based interventions for DSM-5 anxiety disordersby Heidemarie Haller on October 15, 2021
This meta-analysis systematically reviewed the evidence on standardized acceptance-/mindfulness-based interventions in DSM-5 anxiety disorders. Randomized controlled trials examining Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) were searched via PubMed, Central, PsycInfo, and Scopus until June 2021. Standardized mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for primary outcomes...
- The zebrafish (Danio rerio) anxiety test battery: comparison of behavioral responses in the novel tank diving and light-dark tasks following exposure to anxiogenic and anxiolytic compoundsby Barbara D Fontana on October 15, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our data supports the use of baseline behavior assessment using this anxiety test battery. However, when working with drug exposure, data analysis must carefully consider time-drug-response and data variability across behavioral tasks.
- Brazilian passion fruit as a new healthy food: from its composition to health properties and mechanisms of actionby Isabella de Araújo Esteves Duarte on October 15, 2021
The Brazilian biodiversity is one of the largest in the world, with about 41 000 species cataloged within two global biodiversity hotspots: Atlantic Forest and Cerrado, the Brazilian savannah. Passiflora, known also as passion flowers, is a genus of which 96% of its species are distributed in the Americas, mainly Brazil and Colombia. Passion fruit extracts have a commercial value on a global scale through the pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, self-care, and food and beverage industries. Passiflora...