Anxiolytics, or anti-anxiety drugs, are a category of drugs used to prevent anxiety and treat anxiety related to several anxiety disorders. These drugs tend to work rather quickly and can be habit-forming. Because of this, they’re usually only prescribed for short-term use.
Wiki Number: PW199C
Diagnosis: Anxiolytics (Anti-Anxiety Agents)
US Patients: Anxiolytics reduce anxiety while anxiogenic agents increase anxiety. Anxiolytics are minor tranquilizers; barbiturates are obsolete
World Patients: Benzodiazepines are used for short-and-long term relief of severe and disabling anxiety. 15 are listed.
Sex Ratio: Alternatives are carbamates, antihistamines,opioids (Opioids are often addictive.), antidepressants, and SSRIs.
Age Onset: Sympatholytics are anti-hypertensives inhibit thesympathetic nervous system: beta or alpha blockers and alpha-adrenergic agonists
Brain Area: 12 “miscellaneous” drugs are listed.
Symptoms: Alternatives to medication include CBT or exposure therapy. These may have limited effectiveness.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- An overview and update on the chemical composition and potential health benefits of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Millerby Eman Yasser Abbas on July 3, 2022
Opuntia ficus-indica (OFI), widely recognized as prickly pear, is native to Mexico and it is distributed in many areas of the world because of its socioeconomic, agronomic, and ecological benefits, besides its large amounts of functional, nutraceutical, and biological activities. Various parts of this plant including the fruit pulp and peel, cladode, and seeds are scientifically proven to have therapeutic potentials and are safe for human use. The contents of phytochemical compounds in each part...
- Midazolam versus morphine in acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema: results of a multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trialby Alberto Domínguez-Rodríguez on July 3, 2022
CONCLUSION: Although the number of patients was too small to draw final conclusions and there were no significant differences in mortality between midazolam and morphine, a significantly higher rate of SAEs was found in the morphine group.
- Involvement of regulation of the excitation:inhibition functional balance in the mPFC in the antidepressant-anxiolytic effect of YL-IPA08, a novel TSPO ligandby Jin Yuan on July 2, 2022
TSPO, an 18 kDa translocator protein, has received increased attention due to its antidepressant-anxiolytic effects. The balance between glutamatergic and GABAergic (E: I) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is crucial for antidepressant-anxiolytic effects. However, no evidence is available to clarify the relationship between TSPO and E:I balance. In the present study, we used the TSPO global-knockout (KO) and TSPO wild-type (WT) mice to assess the effects of TSPO on antidepressant-anxiolytic...
- Depression and Anxiety Screening Identifies Patients That may Benefit From Treatment Regardless of Existing Diagnosesby Brandon Lippold on July 1, 2022
CONCLUSION: One in seven arthroplasty patients screened reported heightened depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. Despite the majority of arthroplasty patients on antidepressants and anxiolytics having symptoms controlled, these patients remain at increased risk of heightened active symptoms.