Anxiolytics

Anxiolytics, or anti-anxiety drugs, are a category of drugs used to prevent anxiety and treat anxiety related to several anxiety disorders. These drugs tend to work rather quickly and can be habit-forming. Because of this, they’re usually only prescribed for short-term use.

 

Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW199C
Diagnosis: Anxiolytics (Anti-Anxiety Agents)
US Patients: Anxiolytics reduce anxiety while anxiogenic agents increase anxiety. Anxiolytics are minor tranquilizers; barbiturates are obsolete
World Patients: Benzodiazepines are used for short-and-long term relief of severe and disabling anxiety. 15 are listed.
Sex Ratio: Alternatives are carbamates, antihistamines,opioids (Opioids are often addictive.), antidepressants, and SSRIs.
Age Onset: Sympatholytics are anti-hypertensives inhibit thesympathetic nervous system: beta or alpha blockers and alpha-adrenergic agonists
Brain Area: 12 “miscellaneous” drugs are listed.
Symptoms: Alternatives to medication include CBT or exposure therapy. These may have limited effectiveness.
Progression:
Causes:
Medications:
Therapies:

Youtube Video: Sedatives, Hypnotics & Anxiolytics

Amazon or Library Book: Anxiolytics:Webster’s Facts and Phrases (Older, Published in 2008)

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4 CURRENT ARTICLES
FROM PUBMED

The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • Use of psychotropic medications in adults with intellectual disability: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    by Menghuan Song on January 26, 2023

    CONCLUSION: Two-fifths of adults with intellectual disability were prescribed psychotropic medications. Antipsychotics and antidepressants were used by one-third and one-seventh of adults, respectively. There was considerable variability between studies, and further investigation is required to determine the source of variability. More studies are needed to better characterise prescribed psychotropic medications, including effectiveness and adverse effects, to ensure appropriate use of these...

  • Anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effect of Ibuprofen derivative through GABAergic neuromodulation in adult Zebrafish
    by Tatiana Rodrigues Garcia on January 25, 2023

    Anxiety and epilepsy affect millions of people worldwide, and the treatment of these pathologies involves the use of Benzodiazepines, drugs that have serious adverse effects such as dependence and sedation, so the discovery of new anxiolytic and antiepileptic drugs are necessary. Many routes for synthesizing ibuprofen derivatives have been developed, and these derivatives have shown promising pharmacological effects. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate its anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effect...

  • Effects of tranquilization therapy in elderly patients suffering from chronic non-communicable diseases: A meta-analysis
    by Jing Li on January 24, 2023

    The current meta-analysis searched the literature connected to different tranquilizers used to treat elderly people and assessed it in terms of dose, types of outcomes and adverse effects, to determine a safe and acceptable tranquilizer and its optimal dose. A systematic literature review was undertaken for randomized controlled trials, case-control, retrospective and prospective studies on the use of tranquilizers in elderly patients, using PubMed, Ebsco, SCOPUS and Web of Science. PICOS...

  • Pharmaceutical toxicity is a common pattern of inpatient acute poisonings in Birjand City, East of Iran
    by Kobra Naseri on January 24, 2023

    Information on the pattern of acute poisonings in hospitals of Birjand city, Iran, is limited. This study aimed to address this knowledge gap by examining the admissions in a major poisoning center in eastern Iran. This cross-sectional study included patients admitted to the Imam Reza Hospital in Birjand over 12 months. Medical records of the poisoned patients were reviewed, and the study variables were used for data analysis. During the study period, 534 cases of acute poisonings were...