Avoidant & Restrictive Food Intake
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), previously known as feeding disorder, is a type of eating disorder in which people eat only within an extremely narrow repertoire of foods. It is a serious mental health condition that causes the individual to restrict food intake by volume and/or variety. This avoidance may be based on appearance, smell, taste, texture (because of sensory sensitivity), brand, presentation, fear of aversive consequences, lack of interest in food, or a past negative experience with the food, to a point that may lead to nutritional deficiencies, failure to thrive, or other negative health outcomes. The fixation is not caused by a concern for body appearance or in an attempt to lose weight. 
Wiki Number: W020
Diagnosis: Avoidant & Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
Symptoms: eat only a very narrow menu of foods; cannot change eating habits
Progression: may exclude all fruits or all vegetable; certain certain colors, soft, etc. May still have digestive problems.
Medications: relaxation, systematic desensitization and review
Therapies: With adults, may disappear spontaneously; with cognitive behavior therapies.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Eating disorder symptoms, including avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, in patients with disorders of gut-brain interactionby Helen Burton Murray on October 25, 2021
CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: The full spectrum of ED symptoms was frequent among patients with disorders of gut-brain interaction, particularly ARFID symptoms. Further research is needed to understand risk and maintenance factors to inform prevention and intervention efforts.
- Circadian timing of eating and BMI among adults in the American Time Use Surveyby Sydney G O'Connor on October 21, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Contrary to hypotheses, longer eating windows were associated with a lower adjusted prevalence of obesity and longer evening fasts were associated with a higher prevalence of obesity. However, as expected, longer morning fast was associated with a higher adjusted prevalence of obesity. Studies are needed to disentangle the contributions of diet quality/quantity and social desirability bias in the relationship between circadian timing of eating and BMI.
- Severe Nutritional and Psychosocial Deficits in Avoidant/ Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID): Case Reportby Rupam Dhiman on October 14, 2021
Avoidant/Restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a diagnostic category that is included in the DSM 5 (American Psychiatric Association- APA 2013) and proposed by the ICD11 (The World Health Organisation-WHO 2019). Very few ARFID cases have been reported to date. This report aims to present the case of a 25-year-old female who was diagnosed with ARFID and thereby to discuss the challenges in diagnosing and managing the case.
- Dietary intake in patients with chronic pancreatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysisby Qurat Ul Ain on October 11, 2021
CONCLUSION: Although patients with CP had similar calorie intake to controls, studies that analysed the contribution of alcohol to energy intake showed that patients with CP consumed fewer non-alcohol calories than healthy controls. A high calorie intake, made up to a large degree by alcohol, may in part contribute to poor nutritional status in CP.