Avoidant & Restrictive Food Intake
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), previously known as feeding disorder, is a type of eating disorder in which people eat only within an extremely narrow repertoire of foods. It is a serious mental health condition that causes the individual to restrict food intake by volume and/or variety. This avoidance may be based on appearance, smell, taste, texture (because of sensory sensitivity), brand, presentation, fear of aversive consequences, lack of interest in food, or a past negative experience with the food, to a point that may lead to nutritional deficiencies, failure to thrive, or other negative health outcomes. The fixation is not caused by a concern for body appearance or in an attempt to lose weight. 
Wiki Number: W020
Diagnosis: Avoidant & Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
Symptoms: eat only a very narrow menu of foods; cannot change eating habits
Progression: may exclude all fruits or all vegetable; certain certain colors, soft, etc. May still have digestive problems.
Medications: relaxation, systematic desensitization and review
Therapies: With adults, may disappear spontaneously; with cognitive behavior therapies.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Invited Commentary Re: Prevalence and Characteristics of Avoidant/ Restrictive Food Intake Disorder in Pediatric Neurogastroenterology Patientsby Stephanie B Oliveira on May 17, 2022
- Dietary sources, health benefits, and risks of caffeineby Adila Saimaiti on May 16, 2022
Dietary intake of caffeine has significantly increased in recent years, and beneficial and harmful effects of caffeine have been extensively studied. This paper reviews antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of caffeine as well as its protective effects on cardiovascular diseases, obesity, diabetes mellitus, cancers, and neurodegenerative and liver diseases. In addition, we summarize the side effects of long-term or excessive caffeine consumption on sleep, migraine, intraocular pressure,...
- Psychopharmacologic Management of Eating Disordersby Alexandra F Muratore on May 16, 2022
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Identifying medications that may be used as therapeutic agents for eating disorders is a longstanding focus of research, with varying degrees of success. The present review consolidates the most recent findings on pharmacological treatment of three eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED).
- ARFID-Strategies for Dietary Management in Childrenby Agnieszka Białek-Dratwa on May 14, 2022
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is a relatively new disease entity in DSM-5 and ICD-11. This disorder continues to pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for many professionals. This disorder can affect people of all ages. The most characteristic pattern is considered to be a lack of interest in eating or avoidance of food intake, which may result in nutritional deficiencies, weight loss or lack of expected weight gain, dependence on enteral feeding or dietary supplements,...