Avoidant Personality Disorder

Avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) is an enduring pattern of behavior related to social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and sensitivity to rejection that causes problems in work situations and relationships.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: W019
Diagnosis: Avoidant Personality Disorder
US Patients: US-2.4%
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: M; F Equal
Age Onset:
Brain Area:
Symptoms: terrible fear of rejections, avoid social interaction
Progression: Unable to experience or express positive emotion to others or resist coercion from others.
Causes: Genetic shyness, inhibitions, childhood emotional neglect; fears intimacy and rejection
Therapies: social skills training; cognitive, exposure and group therapies


The world-wide medical research
reports chosen for each diagnosis 

Clicking each title opens the
PubMed article’s summary-abstract.

  • A randomized controlled trial of an Internet-based emotion regulation intervention for sexual health: study protocol
    by Vinicius Jobim Fischer on October 16, 2021

    INTRODUCTION: Emotion regulation difficulties have been associated with mental disorders and sexual dysfunctions. Traditional face-to-face transdiagnostic emotion regulation interventions have shown positive results for emotional and personality disorders. Only recently have the effects of these interventions on sexual health started to be investigated. Internet-delivered psychological interventions have several advantages over face-to-face interventions, such as cost-effectiveness,...

  • Self-disgust and disgust sensitivity are increased in anorexia nervosa inpatients, but only self-disgust mediates between comorbid and core psychopathology
    by Emilia Kot on October 16, 2021

    OBJECTIVE: The possible role of abnormal disgust processing in the development and course of anorexia nervosa (AN) has been emphasized in theoretical models and research. However, disgust toward external stimuli and self-disgust have not yet been investigated together in a clinical sample of AN patients. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to measure these constructs and examine their role in shaping eating pathology in AN patients and healthy controls (HCs), considering comorbid depressive...

  • Race bias and gender bias in the diagnosis of psychological disorders
    by Howard N Garb on October 16, 2021

    Bias is said to occur when validity is better for one group than another (e.g., when diagnoses are more valid for male or female clients). This article provides (a) a methodological critique of studies on race bias and gender bias in diagnosis and (b) a narrative review of results from studies with good internal validity. The results suggest that race bias occurs for the diagnosis of conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, comorbid substance abuse and mood disorders, eating disorders,...

  • Prevalence of complex post-traumatic stress disorder in refugees and asylum seekers: systematic review
    by Umanga de Silva on October 15, 2021

    CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights both the high prevalence of CPTSD in treatment samples and the lack of research aiming to establish prevalence of CPTSD in refugee and asylum-seeking populations. Understanding the prevalence of these disabling disorders has implications for policy and healthcare services for the appropriate promotion, planning and provision of suitable treatment and interventions for this highly traumatised population.