Sleep Paralysis

A temporary inability to move or speak while falling asleep or upon waking.
Sleep paralysis most often occurs in people who have narcolepsy or sleep apnea, but it can affect anyone.
Episodes involve not being able to speak or move while falling asleep or upon waking. This usually lasts one or two minutes, and is often frightening.
The main treatment is improved sleep habits (sleep hygiene) including going to bed at the same time every night, ensuring a comfortable sleep environment free of distractions, and avoiding caffeine before sleeping.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW206
Diagnosis: Sleep Paralysis
US Patients:
World Patients:
Sex Ratio: M;F
Age Onset: 25-44 age
Brain Area: low serotonin, hyper-vigilant midbrain, common with narcolepsy
Symptoms: less than 2 minutes of inability to move during waking or falling asleep, although awake, may hallucinate, gain fear
Progression: difficulty breathing, seeing evil, threatening supernatural characters, out-of-body experiences, feels like suffocation
Causes: REM sleep dysfunction, disruption of normal sleep patterns, images arise from within the mind, sleep-apnea
Medications: antidepressants, SSRIs
Therapies: CBT, good sleep habits, relaxation therapy


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