Hypersomnia is a condition in which you feel excessive sleepiness during the day. It may occur even after long stretches of sleep. Another name for hypersomnia is excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). Hypersomnia can be a primary condition or a secondary condition.
Wiki Number: PW176
Diagnosis: Hypersomnia-Primary Hypersomnia
US Patients: 5-10% of the population
Sex Ratio: M+;W, more men because of their sleep apnea
Symptoms: excessive time sleeping or in drowsiness; lack of alertness-not fatigue; may have “sleep drunkenness” difficulty waking up.
Progression: may include narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia and recurrent hypersomnia, secondary hypersomnia is part of another disease
Causes: genetic diseases causing muscular rigidity, early hydrocephalus, head trauma
Medications: Modafinil helps
Therapies: Only go to bed when sleepy; use the bed only for sleeping and sex.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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PubMed article’s summary-abstract.
- Insomnia and poor sleep quality are associated with poor seizure control in patients with epilepsyby A Planas-Ballvé on October 15, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep disorders are common in patients with epilepsy. Insomnia and poor sleep quality were associated with poor seizure control. These findings support the hypothesis that sleep disorders constitute a significant comorbidity of epilepsy, especially in patients with poor seizure control.
- Hemiplegic Migraine Associated With PRRT2 Mutations: A Clinical and Genetic Studyby Florence Riant on October 15, 2021
CONCLUSION: PRRT2 should be regarded as the fourth autosomal dominant gene for hemiplegic migraine, and screened in any affected patient, together with the three other main genes. Further studies are needed to understand how the same loss of function PRRT2 mutations can lead to a wide range of neurologic phenotypes including paroxysmal movement disorder, epilepsy, learning disabilities, sleep disorder and hemiplegic migraine.
- Expert Opinion: Managing sleep disturbances in people with epilepsyby Lino Nobili on October 7, 2021
Poor sleep and daytime sleepiness are common in people with epilepsy. Sleep disorders can disrupt seizure control and in turn sleep and vigilance problems can be exacerbated by seizures and by antiepileptic treatments. Nevertheless, these aspects are frequently overlooked in clinical practice and a clear agreement on the evidence-based guidelines for managing common sleep disorders in people with epilepsy is lacking. Recently, recommendations to standardize the diagnostic pathway for evaluating...
- Subjective symptoms and objective measures in idiopathic hypersomnia and hypersomnia associated with psychiatric disorders: a prospective cross-sectional studyby Jitka Bušková on October 4, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: IH is a syndrome in which depression/external life stressors and personality characteristics also play a role. IH patients may benefit from the cooperation of sleep specialists with psychotherapists/psychiatrists.