Nail biting, also known as onychophagy or onychophagia, is an oral compulsive habit of biting one’s fingernails. It is sometimes described as a parafunctional activity, the common use of the mouth for an activity other than speaking, eating, or drinking. Nail biting is very common, especially amongst children.
Wiki Number: PW142
Age Onset: 30% of children, 45% of teenagers
Symptoms: an oral compulsive habit, considered an impulse-control disorder
Progression: broken skin on the cuticles can infect; saliva may infect the skin, damage to teeth from the biting, and stomach from swallowing
Causes: parents with mental disorders may be a risk-factor
Medications: applying a bitter nail polish, denatonium benzoate, may solve the problem
Therapies: Parental punishments may increase nail-biting. But other counseling programs may help.
4 CURRENT ARTICLES
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- Recurrent Osteomyelitis Requiring Surgical Management Secondary to Nail-Biting: A Case Reportby Marcus Hoof on October 6, 2021
CONCLUSION: Successful treatment relies on a multidisciplinary approach which in this case included surgical management and counseling on cessation, with referrals to other providers to address underlying psychiatric and/or psychologic conditions that may predispose to this compulsion.
- A screening study of non-suicidal forms self-injurious behavior in persons of draft ageby V D Evseev on September 5, 2021
CONCLUSION: Non-suicidal self-injurious behavior of persons of military age presented by the tools and somatic self-harm and caused by the factors of «regaining control over emotions», «impact on others», «stress relief».
- Onychophagia: detailed clinical characteristicsby Jun-Oh Shin on August 20, 2021
CONCLUSIONS: Although onychophagia is a common disorder, its clinical characteristics have not been reported in the literature. The results of this study may be helpful in managing patients with onychophagia.
- Clinical Characteristics and Comorbidities of Patients with Trichotillomania and Skin Picking Disorder Who Admitted to a Psychodermatology Outpatient Clinic: A Comparative Studyby Efruz Pirdoğan Aydın on August 15, 2021
CONCLUSION: TTM and SPD often present with common clinical characteristics and a high incidence of psychiatric comorbidities. Finding out the clinical characteristics, the triggering factors and determining the comorbidities are important to gain an understanding of the course and determine the appropriate treatment for these disorders. Hence, phenomenological studies on large patient populations are needed.