Maladaptive Daydreaming

Maladaptive daydreaming is a psychiatric condition. It was identified by Professor Eliezer Somer of the University of Haifa in Israel. This condition causes intense daydreaming that distracts a person from their real life. Many times, real-life events trigger day dreams.


Cluster Number:
Wiki Number: PW117
Diagnosis: Maladaptive Daydreaming
US Patients:
World Patients: Support groups in US, Turkey, UK and Italy
Sex Ratio:
Age Onset:
Brain Area:
Symptoms: daydreaming fantasies that replaces human interaction or interferes with . . . Vocational functioning.
Causes: daydreaming is “normal dissociation” experienced by almost everyone, so “rewarding” it becomes a compulsion
Medications: fluoxamine, normally treating obsessive, compulsive disorders
Therapies: Evaluated with a 14-item self-report “Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale”


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  • Childhood traumatization and dissociative experiences among maladaptive and normal daydreamers in a Hungarian sample
    by Alexandra Sándor on September 6, 2021

    The aim of the study was to identify some potential etiological segments of maladaptive daydreaming, especially the relationships between maladaptive daydreaming, childhood traumatization, and dissociative propensity. The questionnaire package included the Hungarian version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale, the Traumatic Antecedents Questionnaire, as well as the Dissociation Questionnaire. 717 participants were recruited online, 106 of whom were problematic daydreamers. The results revealed...

  • Attached to Virtual Dreams: The Mediating Role of Maladaptive Daydreaming in the Relationship Between Attachment Styles and Problematic Social Media Use
    by Antonino Costanzo on August 27, 2021

    Maladaptive daydreaming describes excessive fantasy activity that interferes with an individual's life. Surprisingly, the precursors of maladaptive daydreaming and its role in excessive involvement in virtual worlds have been scarcely investigated. In the current study, we examined the relationships among attachment styles, maladaptive daydreaming, and problematic social media use (PSMU) in a sample of community-dwelling adults. Eight hundred seventy-seven participants between 18 and 68 years...

  • Empathy and Coping in Allied Health Sciences: Gender Patterns
    by Artemisa R Dores on April 30, 2021

    This study aimed to examine the patterns of associations between empathy and coping among undergraduate men and women studying at Allied Health Sciences. This cross-sectional study is part of a larger longitudinal study conducted in an Allied Health Sciences School. Participants were 183 undergraduate students from 12 training programs (e.g., Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy). Their mean age was 20.79 years (SD = 2.64), and they were in their first, third, and fourth years of...

  • Maladaptive Daydreaming in an Adult Italian Population During the COVID-19 Lockdown
    by Alessandro Musetti on April 12, 2021

    During the COVID-19 outbreak, individuals with or without mental disorders may resort to dysfunctional psychological strategies that could trigger or heighten their emotional distress. The current study aims to explore the links between maladaptive daydreaming (MD, i.e., a compulsive fantasy activity associated with distress and psychological impairment), psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, and negative stress, and COVID-19-related variables, such as changes in face-to-face and online...